UPI : Science (46)

Ancient Earth's hot interior caused tectonic plates to sink, scientists say

Scientists at MIT found in a recent study that ancient Earth had a viscous mantle that was 200 degrees Celsius hotter than present day.

Study: Caterpillars rely less on microbiome than other animals

A new study has shown that caterpillars have significantly less bacteria and fungi inhabiting their gut than other animals.

Fish stress hormones linked to tendency to take the bait

Scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign found that largemouth bass whose cortisol levels rise after stress are harder to catch by angling.

Scientists discover the process of rock destruction

Scientists at the Lomonosov Moscow State University have uncovered the secrets behind the critical stage of fracture in rock destruction.

Largest asteroid ever tracked to pass by Earth Sept. 1

The largest asteroid ever tracked by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory will pass by Earth just 11 days after the Great American Solar Eclipse.

Scientists uncover two-layer identification among soil bacteria

A new study by researchers at the University of Wyoming shows how soil bacteria require two-layer security to identify similar bacteria.

Study: People favor products with more reviews, regardless of what reviews say

New research suggests that consumers use reviews and ratings by other consumers to drive their purchasing decision-making.

Scientists create holodeck to study animal brain function

Scientists at the University of Freiburg have developed the FreemoVR system that immerses a freely-moving animal in a 3D world to study its brain function.

Mechanism identified for plants to recover from heat stress

A team of researchers from the University of Amherst, including Chinese and Indian biochemists, have discovered how plants adapt quickly to heat stress to survive.

Mountain-side genome sequencing a win for science

Scientists at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, have developed portable, real-time DNA sequencing that can be conducted on location, such as a mountainside.

Smart label could detect food, cosmetics spoilage

Scientists have developed a low-cost, portable, paper-based sensor that can perform a variety of functions with easy-to-read results.

Flowers use nectar as a weapon of distraction

New research has found that nectar plays a different role than previously thought -- by acting as the ultimate weapon of distraction for flowers.

How to watch the solar eclipse move across America

Monday's total solar eclipse is expected to break records, with about 220 million people watching the event.

How to watch the solar eclipse move across America

Monday's total solar eclipse is expected to break records, with about 220 million people expected to watch.

Why whiskey tastes better with a little bit of water

A new study explains why whiskey tastes better when it is diluted with water.

Archaeologists discover ancient trade routes in Vietnam

Archaeologists have discovered an ancient trade network crisscrossing Vietnam's Mekong Delta region.

To teach kids morals, read books with humans not animals

New research suggests parents who want their kids to pick up on a story's moral lessons should choose books featuring humans, not animals.

Cosmonauts launch 3D-printed satellite from space station

Russian cosmonauts Fyodor Yurchikhin and Sergey Ryazanskiy released five mini satellites by hand, including one made almost entirely of 3D-printed materials.

New simulation offers sneak preview of solar eclipse

A team of researchers at Predictive Science Inc. have created a computer simulation of Monday's much-anticipated total solar eclipse.

Global warming, habitat conversion curb biodiversity, encouraging uniformity

Nature is becoming homogenized, researchers at the University of California, Davis, claim in a new study.

Research reveals how neurons communicate

New research at the University of Pittsburgh suggests scientists have misunderstood the neuron communication process.

Scientists measure whales' aversion to noise pollution

A new study has offered fresh insights into how whales are impacted by noise pollution.

Scientists are recruiting Alaskans to help them track berry patches

Scientists in Alaska are using this year's berry season to engage with the public and inspire a new generation of citizen scientists.

Scientists discover why bubbles zig-zag as they rise through water

New research suggests the zig-zagging motion of air bubbles rising in water can be explained by the bubbles' rotation -- its 'moment of inertia.'

NASA taps citizen scientists to help study eclipse

Researchers at NASA are counting on the participation of thousands of citizen scientists to document next week's solar eclipse and to gather usable data.

Vegan raptor may be missing link between two major dino groups

Paleontologists have discovered a missing link between two large and diverse dinosaur groups.

Soil microbiome unaffected by National Mall turf restoration

New research suggests the soil microbiome on the National Mall was mostly unaltered by the multiyear turf restoration project.

Hunter Island penguin species never actually existed, study says

Almost 35 years after the lost "Hunter Island" penguin was discovered, scientists have determined the species never actually existed.

Ancient fish fossil reveals human-like jaw structure

Australian scientists have discovered a 400-million-year-old fish fossil featuring a human-like jaw structure.

NASA, students to study eclipse with high-altitude balloons

As part of the Eclipse Ballooning Project, some 50 high-altitude balloons launched from 20 locations will offer a view of the phenomenon from the edge of space.

Frogs adapted to pesticides get more parasites

Resistance to one sort of affliction may make frogs more susceptible to another, new research shows.

Deep-sea animals eating plastic fibers from clothing

Scientists found four times as much potentially toxic microplastic on the seabed as on the surface - and it's consumed by creatures essential to the ecosystem.

Electricity and silver effective at keeping bacteria off plastics

Using a combination of electricity and silver, researchers in Sweden have developed a new method for preventing bacterial growth on plastics.

NASA sends mice to space station to study space travel health risks

With Monday's SpaceX launch a success, a group of mice are en route to the International Space Station.

Solar eclipses baffle, captivate humans throughout history

If heavenly bodies have predictive power, what is the future foretold by a disappearing sun? Solar eclipses have inspired a variety of responses during history.

Solar eclipses baffle, captivate humans throughout history

If heavenly bodies have predictive power, what is the future foretold by a disappearing sun? Solar eclipses have inspired a variety of responses during human history.

Urban flooding on the rise, as countryside dries up

New analysis of flow rates and precipitation totals suggest flooding in urban areas is intensifying while rural areas dry up.

Scientists discover new tectonic plate

A team of researchers from Rice University in Texas have discovered a new tectonic plate off the coast of Ecuador. There were 56 plates; now, there are 57.

SpaceX successfully launches ISS resupply mission after month-long break

SpaceX successfully launched its Falcon 9 rocket and Dragon cargo capsule into space from NASA Kennedy Space Center on Monday afternoon.

Heat map showcases extreme temperatures in Southern Europe

A new heat map published by the European Space Agency offers a colorful, bird's-eye-view of last week's heatwave in Southern Europe.

NASA TV to broadcast six-hour space walk outside ISS

NASA's own TV channel is scheduled to broadcast a six-hour spacewalk outside the International Space Station.

TRAPPIST-1 twice as old as our solar system

Astronomers have narrowed in on a more precise estimate of the TRAPPIST-1 system. Scientists believe the system is between 5.4 and 9.8 billion years old.

How to watch this weekend's Perseid meteor shower

Skywatchers in the Northern Hemisphere will be treated to a show of shooting stars on Friday and Saturday night as the Perseids peak over the weekend.

Scientists predict chemicals hiding beneath Neptune's icy surface

Thanks to a new computer model, planetary scientists now have a better idea of the types of chemicals hiding beneath Neptune's icy surface.

Alcohol helps goldfish make it through the winter without oxygen

Goldfish can make their own alcohol, allowing them to survive long winters at the bottom of frozen lakes with little to no oxygen. Now, researchers know how.

Small asteroid to pass between Earth and the moon

An asteroid measuring between 49 and 98 feet wide will pass within a few thousand miles of Earth on Oct. 12, according to NASA scientists.