The National Interest (168)

An Attack from Just One of These U.S. Nuclear Submarines Would Destroy North Korea

Sebastien Roblin Security, Asia Everything you need to know about the Ohio-Class Submarine  The Ohio class will serve on until the end of the 2020s, and may even receive some additional acoustic stealth upgrades until they are replaced by a successor, tentatively dubbed the Columbia class. With ...

Report: China's J-20 Stealth Fighter Won't Deploy on Aircraft Carriers

Asia Times Security, Asia Should we really be shocked?  Chinese party mouthpieces have been set into operation, playing up the might of the J-20, the People's Liberation Army Air Force's fifth-generation air supremacy' stealth fighters. But some papers have gone a bit overboard, suggesting the ...

Russia's New Stealth Torpedoes Have a Neat Trick: They Can Pretend to Be Giant Fish

Michael Peck Security, Europe Yes, you read that right.  "Hey, that's no turtle. That's a torpedo headed toward us!" This is what U.S. ship captains will scream too late, if Russia has its way. Russia is promising to develop smart mini-torpedoes that are noiseless, leave no wake—and creep through ...

6 Classic War Movies That Deserve a 21st-Century Reboot

Task and Purpose, Carl Forsling Security, North America Modern audiences need updated versions of these classics. One of the common complaints about Hollywood is that everything is either a reboot, remake, or sequel. Some of them are horrible, some are entertaining. In a world' where Spider-Man can ...

Russia's New Navy Plan: More Submarines, Frigates and Cruise Missiles

Dave Majumdar Security, and hypersonic missiles, too.  The Kremlin's new state armament plan, which will run from 2018-2027, is shifting its focus away from the Russian Navy. Compared to other branches of the Russian military, the navy will sink to last place in securing a piece of the defense ...

South Korea Has a Secret Weapon If North Korea Starts a War

Kyle Mizokami Security, Asia And Kim can't match it.  In modern Korea's relatively short history, amphibious warfare has played a key and pivotal role. The United Nations essentially liberated South Korea from invasion with a single amphibious stroke, and the country has maintained a large and ...

The Forgotten Story of How America and Japan Almost Went to War

Warfare History Network History, Asia When U.S. Navy gunboat Panay was sunk by Japanese aircraft on a Chinese river, the two countries were pushed to the brink of war. While America and Europe struggled through economic depression and nervously watched the spread of fascism in the second half of the ...

1.2 Million Casualties: If North Korea Attacked Los Angeles with a Nuclear Weapon

Daniel R. DePetris Security, North America All the more reason why there should never be a second Korean War.  What would an actual nuclear exchange between the United States and North Korea look like? How many civilians would be killed? How much of Pyongyang or Los Angeles would be pulverized in a ...

North Korea Is a Bad Actor—but That Doesn't Make It a State Sponsor of Terrorism

Doug Bandow Security, Asia Redesignating Pyongyang as a state sponsor of terrorism is a political act, a declaration that the DPRK is on Washington's naughty list. President Donald Trump demonstrated his contempt for the law in naming North Korea as a state sponsor of terrorism. But he only followed ...

Russia Is Roaring Back to the Middle East While America Is Asleep

Ariel Cohen Security, Middle East The Kremlin is methodically creating a geopolitical challenge to the interests of the United States and its allies. Russia is back in the Middle East. The Kremlin is methodically creating a systematic geopolitical challenge to the interests of the United States and ...

Is Indo-Pacific the 'New' Pivot?

Zhiqun Zhu Security, Asia It is unclear exactly what the Indo-Pacific concept entails—especially regarding the future relations between New Delhi and Beijing. Government officials and scholars around the world have quickly switched their labels for Asia from Asia Pacific' to Indo-Pacific' after ...

The GOP Tax Plan's Number One Goal: Back to Growth

Grover G. Norquist Economics, North America The tax reduction and reform act outlined by the House, Senate and White House Republican leadership in the spring is designed to drive job creation and economic growth. The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act' has passed the House of Representatives, and the Senate ...

It's Official: U.S. Aircraft Carrier George Washington Is Getting the F-35

Kris Osborn Security, And that is a really big deal.  The emergence of a first-of-its kind F-35C carrier-launched stealth fighter is intended to give the Navy more combat attack flexibility and attack sophisticated enemy air defenses or fortified targets from a sea-based carrier. Such an ability ...

A-10 Pilots Reveal Why No Nation Can Beat America's 'Flying Tank'

Kris Osborn Security, The pilot of the A-10 is surrounded by multiple plates of titanium armor, designed to enable the aircraft to withstand small-arms fire and keep flying its attack missions. By virtue of being able to fly at slower speeds of 300, the A-10 can fly beneath the weather at altitudes ...

Japan's Giant Aircraft Carrier Was the Largest Warship Ever Sunk by a Submarine

Michael Peck History, Asia A history lesson like no other.  If weight alone could determine victory, then the Imperial Japanese Navy aircraft carrier Shinano might still be afloat. At 69,000 tons when launched in 1944, the Shinano would have remained the world's largest aircraft until the 1960s. ...

Could a New Type of Ammo Be a Game Changer for the U.S. Military?

Charlie Gao Security, North America Is CTA revolutionary or evolutionary? Recently, much attention has been focused on the state of the U.S. military's arsenal of small arms. After the announcement and subsequent cancellation of the U.S. Army's 7.62 Interim Combat Service Rifle project, many were ...

How One Really Big Tank Helped Save Russia from Hitler Capturing Moscow

Sebastien Roblin History, Europe Stalin's secret weapon?  In the first six months of Operation Barbarossa, the brutal Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union, Panzer tanks overran hundreds of miles of Soviet territory and reached the outskirts of Moscow before winter weather and reinforcements from ...

Why the Korean DMZ Would Be One of the Deadliest Battlegrounds Ever

Kyle Mizokami Security, Asia In the event of war, North Korea's plan is to use overwhelming firepower and speed of action to conduct a One Blow Non-Stop Attack.' The recent defection of a North Korean soldier across the demilitarized zone that separates the two Koreas highlighted how difficult it is ...

China's Military Is Upgrading Its Hardware

James Char, Richard A. Bitzinger Security, Asia The People's Liberation Army is now at a critical phase of its evolution. In the period leading up to the recently concluded 19th Chinese Communist Party congress, civil-military relations in post-Reform China had previously been viewed under the lens ...

German Politics: From Boring and Stable to Unpredictable and Volatile

Doug Bandow Politics, Europe In Germany, as elsewhere in Europe, the political center is collapsing. Two months ago, German Chancellor Angela Merkel won an underwhelming election victory. Her opponents lost more than she won, but observers still expected her to put together a new three-party ...

Is Germany's Angela Merkel Really in Danger?

Jacob Heilbrunn Politics, Europe Weimar-like chaos—so we are told—may hover over the good, old Federal Republic of Germany. Already speculation is mounting that German chancellor Angela Merkel's days are numbered. The failure of the so-called Jamaica' coalition talks between the Free Democrats, ...

What's the Latest Direction of the Mueller Investigation?

Jacob Heilbrunn, Daniel McCarthy Politics, North America Jacob Heilbrunn and Daniel McCarthy discuss updates in the Russia investigation and American politics. Editor's Note: In our latest Facebook Live interview Jacob Heilbrunn, editor of the National Interest, and Daniel McCarthy, editor at ...

8 Million People Could Die in a Nuclear War with North Korea

Harry J. Kazianis Security, Asia And that is just for starters.  The last war game, however, was the most shocking of them all. We assumed a similar scenario, with allied forces preparing for a possible invasion, but this time Kim decides to launch a preemptive attack on the U.S. homeland—to take ...

How the Middle East Became Russia's Game, Not America's

Nikolas K. Gvosdev Security, Middle East If Russia can show that its model of transactional bargaining can produce results, expect for Putin to see if he can replicate that success in East Asia. While the U.S. media continues its laser-like focus on the Twitter battle' between the president of the ...

Lost World War I History: Mexico Nearly Invaded America in 1917

Michael Peck Security, Did you know this?  Short of Kaiser Wilhelm's spike-helmeted legions storming New York and Baltimore, there was no way Mexico could seized the southwestern United States. Yet this didn't matter to Germany. What Mexico could do was tie down American troops and equipment that ...

This Is the Story of the Secret Ex-Nazi Army That Guarded West Germany

Michael Peck History, Europe Facts you may not know.  The secret army was the brainchild of Albert Schnez, a former Wehrmacht colonel who later became an official in the Bundeswehr. Along with other German war veterans just after the war, he worried what would happen if the Soviets invaded. West ...

Why North Korea Is Destined to Test More ICBMs and Nuclear Weapons

Asia Times Security, Asia The next step for the Kim regime is to test its ICBMs further, as the Hwasong-14 has only undergone one ballistic launch and is pending a full-scale, full-range test to ensure its reliability. The North Korean regime seems to have been unusually quiet lately, as it has ...

F-35: Soon To Be The Ultimate Tank Killer?

Kris Osborn Security, The Air Force is already working on an emerging 4th F-35 "software drop" designed to enable the stealth multi-role fighter to fire an even wider range of emerging weapons. The Air Force is already working on an emerging 4th F-35 "software drop" designed to enable the stealth ...

Russia's Army Just Upgraded Some of Its 'Big Guns' That Once Fired Nuclear Weapons

Dave Majumdar Security, Should NATO be worried?  The Russian Ground Forces have taken delivery of the first batch of modernized 2C4 Tulip self-propelled 240mm mortars. The 1960s-era weapons were upgraded with new datalinks, communications gear and fire control systems. Russia eventually hopes to ...

Trump Should Avoid Believing the Myths of the JCPOA

Mahsa Rouhi Security, Middle East Trump should embrace the fundamental merits—and not be distracted with the myths—of the JCPOA. President Trump's recent presidential decertification' of the nuclear agreement with Iran—the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action —has reignited the debate over its ...

Israel's Greatest Fear: An Arms Race Sparked by the F-35

Shimon Arad Security, Middle East The release of F-35s to the Gulf states is a fundamental military game-changer. In a June 2017 article in the National Interest, I advocated that the United States provide Israel a long-lasting regional monopoly on the F-35 joint strike fighter. My line of argument ...

Why Trump Will Have to Pay for Winning the War Against ISIS

John Richard Cookson Security, Middle East Significant progress has been made against ISIS, but the goal for the Trump administration now is to add to that accomplishment. Praise between members of opposing political parties is so rare these days that it should be highlighted when it does occur. ...

The U.S. Army Is Selling Some of Its Most Powerful Guns

Task and Purpose, Jared Keller Security, The U.S. Army plans on selling off its remaining arsenal of M1911 pistols. The .45 ACP M1911A1 pistol has served the U.S. armed forces for more than a century in every war zone and hotspot on the planet — and thanks to this year's federal defense budget, it ...

Newly Declassified Documents Prove America's North Korea Strategy Has Failed

Daniel R. DePetris Security, Asia Only the goalposts have shifted. The situation with North Korea was getting critical. The lights, to use the worn-out phrase, were blinking red. The State Department, the Defense Department and the White House were increasingly concerned either that the North Korean ...

It's True: North Korea Is a Sponsor of Terrorism

Bruce Klingner Security, Asia Kim's regime has checked every box. The Trump administration has redesignated North Korea as a state sponsor of terrorism. It's a proper and pragmatic, if belated, acknowledgement that North Korea's repeated, deadly actions legally constitute terrorist acts under U.S. ...

North Korea's Ballistic Missile Submarine: A Major Threat or a Paper Tiger?

Dave Majumdar Security, Asia While the new Sinpo-C SSB and its missile are not exactly state of the art--but we should be worried.  North Korea appears to be building its first operational ballistic missile submarine. Satellite images analyzed by 38 North seem to indicate that construction of ...

A Secretary of State Mike Pompeo Could Unite Bannon Loyalists and Neocons

Curt Mills Politics, North America Is Mike Pompeo the consensus man of the Right? If you had to create a conservative American politician in a test tube, you might come up with Mike Pompeo, the director of the CIA. The fifty-three-year-old Pompeo is a valedictorian graduate of West Point, a ...

How the U.S. Navy Could Beat China in a War

James Holmes Security, Think diesel subs.  To cope with this prospect, the allies should rediscover their Pacific War past. During its westward advance across the Pacific, the U.S. Navy fashioned techniques and hardware to refuel, resupply, and repair ships from dispersed, often improvised island ...

The Misuse of Terrorism Lists

Paul R. Pillar North Korea Terrorism Nuclear Proliferation, East Asia President Trump's placement of North Korea on the official U.S. list of state sponsors of terrorism continues a manipulation, by several administrations, of this list for reasons other than terrorism.  Neither an earlier removal ...

Report: Trump On Pace To Bomb Afghanistan 300 Percent More Than Obama

Saagar Enjeti Security, The Taliban control nearly 40 percent of the entire country and one-third of the population. The U.S. Air Force is on track to drop 300 percent more bombs on Afghanistan in 2017 in comparison to the previous year, NBC News reports. The large uptick in bombings comes amid a ...

This Is Why We Should Still Celebrate the Pilgrims at Thanksgiving

Jarrett Stepman History, Though our customs have evolved over the years, Thanksgiving has retained a permanent connection to its origins with the Pilgrims of New England—and for that, we can be thankful. For most American families, Thanksgiving is a time to gather with loved ones, eat delicious ...

The 5 Most Powerful Aircraft Carriers, Subs, Bombers and Fighter Aircraft Ever

Robert Farley Security, The list you have been waiting for.  The U.S. Navy supplemented Lexington and Saratoga, the most effective of the interwar battlecruiser conversions, with the purpose-built USS Ranger. Experience with all three ships demonstrated that the next purpose-built class would ...

Russia Wants the Strangest of All Weapons: An 'Underwater ICBM'

Michael Peck Security, Why?  Before the U.S. spends trillions on developing on strategic anti-torpedo defense, let's take a close look at the alleged Russian super-weapon. First, a torpedo with a 6,000-mile range weapon isn't a torpedo, it's an underwater ICBM. Except that a real ICBM can reach ...

The Next Big Iran Military Threat: Stealth Submarines That Could Battle Israel?

Paul Iddon Security, No, and here is why.  Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has once again slammed Iran's presence in Syria, this time claiming that Tehran has a plan to base aircraft in the country, dock its submarines on Syria's Mediterranean coast and directly threaten Israeli waters. ...

In 1991, America Stopped Building the Ultimate Submarine Russia or China Still Can't Beat

Kyle Mizokami Security, The Seawolf.  The extreme quietness of the Seawolf class gave the Navy the idea of modifying the last submarine, USS Jimmy Carter, to support clandestine operations. An extra one hundred feet was added to the hull, a section known as the Multi-Mission Platform . ...

Report: America Will Use F-35s in Pacific in a 'Show of Force' as Signal to North Korea

Kris Osborn Security, Kim won't like this one bit.  The Air Force is planning an F-35A show of force in the Pacific in coming weeks now that 12 F-35A's have deployed to Japan for a six-month rotation, service officials said. While service officials describe the move as a routine deployment, called ...

The Real Winner in America's Russia Crisis Is China

Leon Hadar Politics, Europe The continuing American obsession with Russia plays directly into Beijing's hands and makes it less likely that Washington will develop an effective strategy to deal with China. When thinking about male-pattern baldness, what comes immediately to mind? Genetics? Thanks ...

Qatar's Foreign Minister Speaks at the Center for the National Interest

Curt Mills Politics, Middle East Foreign Minister Al Thani explained that his country is under tremendous pressure from both Saudi Arabia and Iran, as Rex Tillerson tries to broker an end to the impasse.  As the Middle East is facing fresh fissures, Mohammed bin Abdulrahman Al Thani, the Qatari ...

How America Can Push Back against China in the South China Sea and Beyond

Phillip Dolitsky Security, Asia The political gilding of OBOR hides China's focus in another important domain: the South China Sea. While much needed discussion is underway regarding the threat that North Korea poses to the mainland, attention needs to also be turned to the threat that China poses ...

Trump's Asia Trip: A Confirmation of the Status Quo

Robert E Kelly Security, Asia Robert Kelly argues that Trump's trip scarcely moved the needle of U.S. relations with East Asia at all—and for very valid reasons. There has been much commentary since American President Donald Trump returned from Asia. Critics saw the trip as failure . The president ...