SpaceDaily.com (79)

MIT team design $100 handheld muon detector

Boston MA Nov 23, 2017 At any given moment, the Earth's atmosphere is showered with high-energy cosmic rays that have been blasted from supernovae and other astrophysical phenomena far beyond the Solar System. When cosmic rays collide with the Earth's atmosphere, they decay into muons - charged ...

Driverless, electric future just round the corner for urban cars

London Nov 23, 2017 A driverless, electric car is only a swipe away in the cities of the future, where pollution clampdowns and rapid advances in technology will transform the way we travel, despite lagging infrastructure. As more and more countries announce a phasing-out of pure petrol and diesel ...

Drone Race: Human Versus Artificial Intelligence

Pasadena CA Nov 23, 2017 Drone racing is a high-speed sport demanding instinctive reflexes - but humans won't be the only competitors for long. Researchers at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, put their work to the test recently. Timing laps through a twisting obstacle ...

Global light pollution increasing at a rate of two percent per year

Tucson AZ Nov 23, 2017 Five years of advanced satellite images show that there is more artificial light at night across the globe, and that light at night is getting brighter. The rate of growth is approximately two percent each year in both the amount of areas lit and the radiance of the light. An ...

IceCube finds Earth can block high-energy particles from nuclear reactions

University Park PA Nov 23, 2017 For the first time, a science experiment has measured Earth's ability to absorb neutrinos - the smaller-than-an-atom particles that zoom throughout space and through us by the trillions every second at nearly the speed of light. The experiment was achieved with the ...

First known interstellar visitor is an 'oddball'

Honolulu HI Nov 23, 2017 In October astronomers were surprised by a visitor that came racing into our Solar System from interstellar space. Now, researchers using the Gemini Observatory have determined that the first known object to graze our Solar System from beyond is similar to, but definitely ...

NASA telescope studies quirky comet 45P

Greenbelt MD Nov 23, 2017 When comet 45P zipped past Earth early in 2017, researchers observing from NASA's Infrared Telescope Facility, or IRTF, in Hawai'i gave the long-time trekker a thorough astronomical checkup. The results help fill in crucial details about ices in Jupiter-family comets and ...

Hydrogen cars for the masses one step closer to reality

Los Angeles CA Nov 23, 2017 UCLA researchers have designed a device that can use solar energy to inexpensively and efficiently create and store energy, which could be used to power electronic devices, and to create hydrogen fuel for eco-friendly cars. The device could make hydrogen cars affordable ...

How can you define nature

Seattle WA Nov 23, 2017 Think, for a moment, about the last time you were out in nature. Were you in a city park? At a campground? On the beach? In the mountains? Now consider: What was this place like in your parents' time? Your grandparents'? In many cases, the parks, beaches and campgrounds of ...

Measuring neutron star sizes by using thermonuclear explosion models

Turku, Finland Nov 23, 2017 Neutron stars are made out of cold ultra-dense matter. How this matter behaves is one of the biggest mysteries in modern nuclear physics. Researchers developed a new method for measuring the radius of neutron stars which helps them to understand what happens to the matter ...

'Robo-taxis' hold promise, and perils, for automakers

Paris Nov 23, 2017 It's November 22, 2028 and Sarah, a young mother, gives her two children a kiss goodbye before buckling them into the driverless car that will bring them to school. Sarah doesn't have a car and has no plans to buy one. Living in a suburb, she has run the numbers and the result is ...

NASA's TSIS-1 keeps an eye on Sun's power over ozone

Greenbelt MD Nov 23, 2017 High in the atmosphere, above weather systems, is a layer of ozone gas. Ozone is Earth's natural sunscreen, absorbing the Sun's most harmful ultraviolet radiation and protecting living things below. But ozone is vulnerable to certain gases made by humans that reach the ...

Forty years of Meteosat

Paris Nov 23, 2017 ESA's first Earth observation satellite was launched on 23 November 1977. When the first Meteosat satellite took its place in the sky, it completed coverage of the whole globe from geostationary orbit and laid the foundations for European and world cooperation in meteorology that ...

Dark matter and dark energy: do they really exist?

Geneva, Switzerland Nov 23, 2017 A University of Geneva researcher has recently shown that the accelerating expansion of the universe and the movement of the stars in the galaxies can be explained without drawing on the concepts of dark matter and dark energy... which might not actually exist. For ...

Taking a Spin on Plasma Space Tornadoes with NASA Observations

Greenbelt MD Nov 23, 2017 Interplanetary space is hardly tranquil. High-energy charged particles from the Sun, as well as from beyond our solar system, constantly whizz by. These can damage satellites and endanger astronaut health - though, luckily for life on Earth, the planet is blanketed by a ...

Moon's crust underwent resurfacing after forming from magma ocean

Austin TX Nov 22, 2017 The Earth's Moon had a rough start in life. Formed from a chunk of the Earth that was lopped off during a planetary collision, it spent its early years covered by a roiling global ocean of molten magma before cooling and forming the serene surface we know today. A research ...

Ice shapes the landslide landscape on Mars

Washington DC Nov 22, 2017 How good is your Martian geography? Does Valles Marineris ring a bell? This area is known for having landslides that are among the largest and longest in the entire solar system. They make the perfect object of study due to their steep collapse close to the scarp, extreme ...

Previous evidence of water on Mars now identified as grainflows

Washington DC Nov 22, 2017 Dark features previously proposed as evidence for significant liquid water flowing on Mars have now been identified as granular flows, where sand and dust move rather than liquid water, according to a new article published in Nature Geoscience by the U.S. Geological ...

Gadgets for Mars

Paris Nov 22, 2017 A mini-rover, tools once used on the Moon and lasers for 3D mapping are in the backpack of the explorers of tomorrow. The terrain will be hazardous and it will be dark in volcanic caves, but this equipment could one day help to scout other planets. The alien-like landscapes of ...

Unexpected atmospheric vortex behavior on Saturn's moon Titan

Bristol UK Nov 22, 2017 A new study led by a University of Bristol earth scientist has shown that recently reported unexpected behaviour on Titan, the largest moon of Saturn, is due to its unique atmospheric chemistry. Titan's polar atmosphere recently experiences and unexpected and significant ...

Galileo quartet fuelled and ready to fly

Paris Nov 22, 2017 Europe's next four Galileo navigation satellites and the Ariane 5 rocket due to lift them into orbit are being readied for their 12 December launch from Europe's Spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana. Tuesday saw Galileo satellites 19-22 declared ready for flight, along with their ...

Need to double number of operational satellites: ISRO chief

New Delhi Nov 22, 2017 To meet the sky-rocketing domestic technology and knowledge-based demands, India's space agency needs to at least double the number of operational satellites in the coming days, Indian Space Research Organisation Chairman A.S. Kiran Kumar said here on Monday. While currently ...

ELaNa XIV CubeSats Launch on JPSS-1 Mission

Washington DC Nov 22, 2017 NASA has launched four small research satellites, or CubeSats, developed by four universities as part of a broader mission launching the next generation polar-orbiting satellite to space. These CubeSat missions were selected through the CubeSat Launch Initiative as part of ...

Cassini Image Mosaic: A Farewell to Saturn

Pasadena CA Nov 22, 2017 In a fitting farewell to the planet that had been its home for over 13 years, the Cassini spacecraft took one last, lingering look at Saturn and its splendid rings during the final leg of its journey and snapped a series of images that has been assembled into a new mosaic. ...

Zwicky Transient Facility sees "First Light"

College Park MD Nov 16, 2017 A new robotic camera with the ability to capture hundreds of thousands of stars and galaxies in a single shot has taken its first image of the sky - an event astronomers refer to as "first light." The camera is the centerpiece of a new automated sky survey project called ...

Solar minimum surprisingly constant

Tokyo, Japan Nov 22, 2017 Using more than half a century of observations, Japanese astronomers have discovered that the microwaves coming from the Sun at the minimums of the past five solar cycles have been the same each time, despite large differences in the maximums of the cycles. In Japan, ...

NASA Links Port-City Sea Levels to Regional Ice Melt

Pasadena CA Nov 22, 2017 A new NASA tool links changes in sea level in 293 global port cities to specific regions of melting land ice, such as southern Greenland and the Antarctic Peninsula. It is intended to help coastal planners prepare for rising seas in the decades to come. All coastal cities ...

Soft magnetic material characterizations get a harder look

Washington DC Nov 22, 2017 In motors, generators and similar electric machines, the electrical current that powers them generates magnetic fields that magnetize some of the metallic components. Choosing the right magnetic material is crucial for designing efficient machines, so researchers from the ...

Researchers camouflage an optical chip rendering it invisible

Beer-Sheva, Israel Nov 22, 2017 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev researchers have achieved a breakthrough in manipulating light to render an object, such as an optical chip, invisible. According to the recent study published in Nature Scientific Reports, the researchers conceived a new method that ...

Quantum computing with molecules for a quicker search of unsorted databases

Karlsruher, Germany Nov 22, 2017 Scrapbooks or social networks are collections of mostly unsorted data. The search for single elements in very large data volumes, i.e. for the needle in the data haystack, is extremely complex for classical computers. Scientists of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology ...

Space dust may transport life between worlds, research suggests

Edinburgh UK Nov 21, 2017 Life on our planet might have originated from biological particles brought to Earth in streams of space dust, a study suggests. Fast-moving flows of interplanetary dust that continually bombard our planet's atmosphere could deliver tiny organisms from far-off worlds, or ...

North Korean ICBM program runs into major roadblock at reentry

Seoul Nov 20, 2017 The South Korean foreign intelligence service has reported that North Korea's intercontinental ballistic missile program has hit a snag, as the communist country has run into difficulty developing reliable atmospheric re-entry technology that would allow their missile to return ...

Recurring Martian Streaks: Flowing Sand, Not Water?

Pasadena CA Nov 21, 2017 Dark features on Mars previously considered evidence for subsurface flowing of water are interpreted by new research as granular flows, where grains of sand and dust slip downhill to make dark streaks, rather than the ground being darkened by seeping water. Continuing ...

New physical model explains the origin of Earth's water

Sao Paulo, Brazil Nov 21, 2017 Equipped with Newton's law of universal gravitation and powerful computational resources , a young Brazilian researcher and his former postdoctoral supervisor have just proposed a new physical model to explain the origin of water on Earth and the other Earth-like ...

Calls mount for action on 'killer robots' after UN talks

Geneva Nov 17, 2017 "Robots are not taking over the world", the diplomat leading the first official talks on autonomous weapons assured Friday, seeking to ease criticism over slow progress towards restricting the use of so-called "killer robots". The United Nations was wrapping up an initial five ...

Webb Telescope completes final cryogenic test

Greenbelt MD Nov 21, 2017 The vault-like, 40-foot diameter, 40-ton door of Chamber A at NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston was unsealed on November 18, signaling the end of cryogenic testing for NASA's James Webb Space Telescope. The historic chamber's massive door opening brings to a close ...

Russian Astronomers Show Big Asteroid Approaching the Earth

Kaliningrad Nov 20, 2017 The astronomer community at Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University used its own Astro-Model simulation environment to produce a virtual image of object 3200 Phaethon approaching the Earth, plus the expected Geminids meteor shower. December 17, 2017 will see an interesting ...

Surrey develops new 'supercatalyst' to recycle carbon dioxide and methane

Surrey UK Nov 21, 2017 The University of Surrey has developed a new and cost-effective catalyst to recycle two of the main causes behind climate change - carbon dioxide and methane . In a study published by the Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, scientists have described how they created an ...

Familiar-Looking Messenger from Another Solar System

Tucson AZ Nov 21, 2017 The visit of the interstellar interloper 1I/2017 U1, recently spotted streaking through the solar system, gives the people of Earth their first chance to study up close an object from another planetary system. In a study carried out with the WIYN telescope at Kitt Peak ...

Developing the ABCs for exploiting new phenomena in light-matter interactions

Washington DC Nov 21, 2017 A unique class of engineered light-manipulating materials, known as metamaterials or structured materials, makes use of patterns of strongly interacting wavelength or sub-wavelength-sized elements. Because of these intricate internal and surface structures, new properties ...

Dunford: US Military Superiority Over Russia, China Markedly Decreasing

Washington DC Nov 20, 2017 The US has been losing its military supremacy over its peer countries like Russia and China over the last 10-15 years and should step up efforts to increase its deterrence potential, Joe Dunford, Head of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, was cited as saying during a lecture at ...

Satellite Imagery Aids Rescue Efforts for Hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria

Washington DC Nov 21, 2017 The calls for assistance started days before Hurricane Harvey came barreling across America's doorstep this summer. First responders and government officials needed answers to prepare and protect communities. How strong is this storm going to be? What kind of damage ...

New Challenges Await Competitors in NASA's 25th Annual Human Exploration Rover Challenge

Washington DC Nov 21, 2017 Six minutes of air, 14 obstacles and five mission tasks lay ahead of the intrepid explorers. Decisions on which obstacles and tasks to complete and which to bypass must be made by them and their teammates, knowing that at the end of six minutes, only a one-minute reserve ...

From Hannover around the world and to the Mars: LZH delivers laser for ExoMars 2020

Hannover, Germany Nov 21, 2017 In three years, the rocket of the European-Russian ExoMars 2020 mission shall start its nine-month journey to Mars, together with a rover and surface platform. The flight model of the MOMA laser has reached the first milestone: the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. LZH has ...

Aerojet Rocketdyne supports ULA Delta II launch of JPSS-1

Sacramento CA Nov 21, 2017 Aerojet Rocketdyne, Inc., a subsidiary of Aerojet Rocketdyne Holdings, Inc. , helped propel the United Launch Alliance Delta II rocket, carrying the Ball Aerospace-built JPSS-1 satellite, the first of the new JPSS constellation, into orbit for the National Oceanic and ...

Can a superconducting magnetic sail slow down an interstellar probe

Frankfurt, Germany Nov 20, 2017 With a miniaturised space probe capable of being accelerated to a quarter of the speed of light, we could reach Alpha Centauri, our nearest star, in 20 to 50 years. However, without a mechanism to slow it down, the space probe could only collect data from the star and ...

China plans for nuclear-powered interplanetary capacity by 2040

Beijing Nov 19, 2017 China is expected to achieve a "major breakthrough" in nuclear-powered space shuttles around 2040, according to a report issued by China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation on Thursday. The achievement will be able to support large-scale exploration and development of ...

Winds Blow Dust off the Solar Panels Improving Energy Levels

Pasadena CA Nov 20, 2017 Opportunity is continuing her winter exploration of Perseverance Valley on the west rim of the Noachian-aged Endeavour Crater. Although the depth of the winter solstice is still a week or more away, energy levels have improved for Opportunity. One contributor is the ...

Old Rivals India, China Nurture New Rivalry in Satellite Launch Business

New Delhi Nov 20, 2017 The Indian Space Research Organization has said that it is working to bring down the cost of launching satellites to one-tenth of the current cost. The statement comes in the aftermath of the Chinese state-owned space agency, China Aerospace Science and Technological ...

What is the computational power of the universe?

Washington DC Nov 20, 2017 Can a close look at the universe give us solutions to problems too difficult for a computer - even if we built a computer larger than a planet? Physicist Stephen Jordan reflects on this question in a new video by the National Institute of Standards and Technology , along ...