ENN : Environment (63)

New biomass plant to cut Simon Fraser University's greenhouse gases by two-thirds

A new project at Simon Fraser University will soon divert wood waste from the landfill and help reduce greenhouse gasses at the University.SFU and SFU Community Trust are collaborating with Corix Multi-Utility Services Inc., on a $33-million community-based biomass project called the Burnaby ...

NOAA observing buoys validate findings from NASA's new satellite for measuring carbon dioxide

The strong El Niño event of 2015-2016 provided NASA and NOAA an unprecedented opportunity to test the effectiveness of the newest observation tool to measure global atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations -- NASA's Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 satellite or OCO-2.Observations of carbon dioxide ...

Study suggests oysters offer hot spot for reducing nutrient pollution

When it comes to oysters and their role in reducing nutrient pollution, a new study by researchers at William & Mary's Virginia Institute of Marine Science gets right to the guts—and the shell—of the matter.

Warming Seas Could Lead to 70 Percent Increase in Hurricane-related Financial Loss

If oceans warm at a rate predicted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the United Nation-sponsored group that assesses climate change research and issues periodic reports, expected financial losses caused by hurricanes could increase more than 70 percent by 2100, according to a ...

NASA Finds Newly Formed Tropical Storm Lan Over Open Waters

NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite provided a visible picture of newly formed Tropical Storm Lan in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean.

Toward efficient high-pressure desalination

The desalination industry, a critical source of potable water in many arid regions, generated more than $13 billion last year and is expected to double within a decade. Most desalination plants today use a process called reverse osmosis , which forces water through huge rolls of membranes, ...

Paris to Ban Fossil Fuel Cars by 2030

Paris announced it will ban all gas- and diesel-fueled cars within city limits by 2030, allowing only electric vehicles onto its streets, according to Reuters. 

Harvey runoff menaces Texas' coral reefs

Saline levels dropped 10 percent in one day over parts of Flower Garden Banks

Baltic clams and worms release as much greenhouse gas as 20 000 dairy cows

Baltic clams and worms release as much greenhouse gas as 20 000 dairy cows.  Worms and clams enhance the release of methane up to eight times more compared to sea bottoms without animals, shows a study by scientists at Stockholm University and Cardiff University.While greenhouse gas emissions are ...

Uncovering the Sound of 'Motherese,' Baby Talk Across Languages

Around the world, mothers speak differently to their children than they do to other adults — and Princeton researchers have found a new way to quantify that vocal shift.

Cause of Cancer Form in the Liver Identified

In a new study, researchers from the University of Copenhagen have identified the two genes whose mutation cause a serious cancer form found in the liver. The result sets concrete goals for future treatment of the otherwise incurable disease.

30-day countdown to JPSS-1 launch

The Joint Polar Satellite System-1, the first in a new series of highly advanced NOAA polar-orbiting satellites, is scheduled to lift off Nov. 10, at 1:47 a.m. PST from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California.

Byproducts from biofuel focus of PNNL and WSU partnership

Researchers at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have created a continuous thermo-chemical process that produces useful biocrude from algae. The process takes just minutes and PNNL is working with a company which has licensed the technology to build a pilot plant ...

Study Casts Doubt on Warming Implications of Brown Carbon Aerosol from Wildfires

As devastating wildfires continue to rage in the western U.S. and Canada, a team of environmental engineers at Washington University in St. Louis have discovered that light-absorbing organic particulate matter, also known as brown carbon aerosol, in wildfire smoke loses its ability to absorb ...

Combination of El Niño and 2016 Ecuador Earthquake Likely Worsened Zika Outbreak

A Zika virus outbreak in coastal Ecuador in 2016 was likely worsened by a strong El Niño and a magnitude 7.8 earthquake that struck the region in April, according to a new study.

Climate change predicted to reduce size, stature of dominant Midwest plant, collaborative study finds

The economically important big bluestem grass — a dominant prairie grass and a major forage grass for cattle — is predicted to reduce its growth and stature by up to 60 percent percent in the next 75 years because of climate change, according to a study involving Kansas State University ...

ACT-America Aims to Tell Four-Season Greenhouse Gas Story

NASA scientists are once again on the hunt for greenhouse gases in the sky.

Tropical Storm Ophelia Appears as a Comma in NASA Imagery

Infrared imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite showed powerful thunderstorms around the center of Tropical Storm Ophelia with a band of thunderstorms stretching to the southwest, giving the storm the appearance of a comma.

Climate change may accelerate infectious disease outbreaks

Aside from inflicting devastating natural disasters on often vulnerable communities, climate change can also spur outbreaks of infectious diseases like Zika , malaria and dengue fever, according to a new study by researchers at the University of  Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.

USC research could lead to new ways of treating stroke and spinal cord injuries

It's a touchy subject — literally. Samuel Andrew Hires, assistant professor of biological sciences, wants to know how the brain learns to understand what we're touching. Understanding how this works could one day be a boon for people who have suffered a stroke or spinal cord injury.

Tracking the Viral Parasites of Giant Viruses over Time

In freshwater lakes, microbes regulate the flow of carbon and determine if the bodies of water serve as carbon sinks or carbon sources. Algae and cyanobacteria in particular can trap and use carbon, but their capacity to do so may be impacted by viruses. Viruses exist amidst all bacteria, usually in ...

Establishing interdisciplinary approaches to agriculture and fundamental biological processes

From optimizing food production to feed a growing population to discovering the fundamental behaviors and processes of biopolymers, faculty in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering are leveraging the interdisciplinary nature of the department to establish two new, innovative ...

Geologic evidence is the forerunner of ominous prospects for a warming earth

While strong seasonal hurricanes have devastated many of the Caribbean and Bahamian islands this year, geologic studies on several of these islands illustrate that more extreme conditions existed in the past. A new analysis published in Marine Geology shows that the limestone islands of the ...

Study Reveals New Threat to the Ozone Layer

Ozone depletion is a well-known phenomenon and, thanks to the success of the Montreal Protocol, is widely perceived as a problem solved,' says University of East Anglia's David Oram. But an international team of researchers, led by Oram, has now found an unexpected, growing danger to the ozone layer ...

Is Climate Change Affecting Northern California's Devastating Fires?

On Monday I woke to the terrifying smell of smoke. From my home south of San Francisco, I could see the entire Bay Area covered in a thick layer, obscuring the sun.

Beyond Biodiversity: A New Way of Looking at How Species Interconnect

In 1966, an ecologist at the University of Washington named Robert Paine removed all the ochre starfish from a short stretch of Pacific shoreline on Washington's Olympic Peninsula. The absence of the predator had a dramatic effect on its ecosystem. In less than a year, a diverse tidal environment ...

New Drug Hope for Patients with Rare Bone Cancer

Patients with a rare bone cancer of the skull and spine – chordoma – could be helped by existing drugs, suggest scientists from the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, University College London Cancer Institute and the Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust. In the largest genomics study of ...

Researchers explore ways to remove antibiotics polluting lakes and rivers

Pharmaceuticals, including antibiotics, are an increasingly common pollutant in water systems, said Catherine Hui Niu, associate professor in the Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering at the University of Saskatchewan.

Lakehead University and IISD Experimental Lakes Area team up to safeguard Canada's fresh water

Officials from Lakehead University and the International Institute for Sustainable Development Experimental Lakes Area have signed a five-year memorandum of understanding to foster collaboration between the two organizations.

Scientists to visit hidden Antarctic ecosystem after giant iceberg calving

A team of scientists, led by British Antarctic Survey , is planning an urgent mission to investigate a mysterious marine ecosystem that's been hidden beneath an Antarctic ice shelf for up to 120,000 years.  The researchers want to discover how this marine ecosystem will respond to environmental ...

The Perfect STORM

The Colorado River tumbles through varied landscapes, draining watersheds from seven western states. This 1,450-mile-long system is a critical water supply for agriculture, industry and municipalities from Denver to Tijuana.

Will metal supplies limit battery expansion?

The dramatic rise in production of electric vehicles, coupled with expected growth in the use of grid-connected battery systems for storing electricity from renewable sources, raises a crucial question: Are there enough raw materials to enable significantly increased production of lithium-ion ...

Making renewable power more viable for the grid

Wind and solar power are increasingly popular sources for renewable energy. But intermittency issues keep them from connecting widely to the U.S. grid: They require energy-storage systems that, at the cheapest, run about $100 per kilowatt hour and function only in certain locations.

Living in Watersheds with More Trees Reduces Disease Risk

Diarrheal disease from contaminated water is the second leading cause of death among children under the age of five, claiming more than 360,000 lives annually. Now, a new study of children in 35 countries finds that those living in a watershed with more trees had a lower risk of contracting the ...

Bycatch Responsible for Decline of New Zealand Sea Lion

Getting caught in fishing nets is a major cause of death for the increasingly endangered New Zealand sea lion, according to new research from the University of Otago, Massey University and the University of Toronto.

Solar Flux; From Bug to Feature

Excess solar flux could be harnessed and used to generate additional electricity at a tower CSP plant, by cladding part of the tower containing the receiver with photovoltaic panels, according to Sandia scientist Cliff Ho. He found that adding PV on the tower could generate over 10 MW, or 10% of the ...

Grazing Horses on Better Pastures

When you picture a horse, you may imagine it grazing contentedly in a grassy pasture. Grazing lets horses move around naturally outdoors and socialize with other horses. And grass is an easily available, nutritious feed that horses like eating. If you have the land, providing pasture for horses is ...

Nature Communications: A Specific Protein Regulates the Burning of Body Fat to Generate Heat

Scientists at the Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares Carlos III  have identified a protein that holds promise as a target for therapies to reduce obesity. Drs. Guadalupe Sabio and Nuria Matesanz have demonstrated that MKK6 controls the conversion of fat stores, known as white fat, ...

Live Phone Calls Better Than Text Messages and Letters to Remind People About Colon Cancer Screening

Live phone calls significantly outperform text messages and letters as a way to remind patients to complete and return at-home screening tests for colon cancer, according to new research in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Dual Project Supports Understanding of Climate Change and Astronomy

A team of researchers from across the country will work together to design a satellite instrument, which will sit on board the International Space Station . The technology will monitor the complex interaction between the Earth's upper atmosphere and the climate, and could advance our understanding ...

Tai Chi Holds Promise as Cardiac Rehab Exercise

The slow and gentle movements of Tai Chi hold promise as an alternative exercise option for patients who decline traditional cardiac rehabilitation, according to preliminary research in Journal of the American Heart Association, the Open Access Journal of the American Heart Association/American ...

Scientists Develop Tool Which Can Predict Coastal Erosion and Recovery in Extreme Storms

The damage caused to beaches by extreme storms on exposed energetic coastlines and the rate at which they recover can now be accurately predicted thanks to new research led by the University of Plymouth.

Study tells of pumpkin-colored zombies

Reducing nutrient pollution may help prevent human disease

Improving Lake Erie's Water Quality

Kent State Professor Collaborates With NASA Glenn and University Researchers to Study, Improve Lake Erie's Water Quality

What soot-covered, hundred-year-old birds can tell us about saving the environment

Horned Larks are cute songbirds with white bellies and yellow chins—at least, now they are.

How to Help Californians Affected by the North Bay Wildfires

Fast-moving wildfires are devastating parts of Northern California, including Sonoma and Napa Counties, just north of the Bay Area. Victims — and their animals — displaced by evacuation orders and property loss need your help.

NASA Eyes the Development of Tropical Storm Ophelia

Tropical Storm Ophelia developed on Oct. 9 around 5 a.m. EDT as the seventeenth, tropical depression of the Atlantic Ocean hurricane season. It formed in the Central Atlantic Ocean about 875 miles west-southwest of the Azores islands. NASA's Terra satellite provided forecasters with a visible image ...

When Shipping Petroleum, Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Costs More Than Accidents

While the policy debate surrounding crude oil transportation costs has emphasized accidents and spills, a new study by Carnegie Mellon University and University of Pittsburgh researchers indicates the debate is overlooking a far more serious external cost—air pollution and greenhouse gas ...

Formation of coal almost turned our planet into a snowball

While burning coal today causes Earth to overheat, about 300 million years ago the formation of that same coal brought our planet close to global glaciation. For the first time, scientists show the massive effect in a study published in the renowned Proceedings of the US Academy of Sciences. When ...

NASA Finds Tropical Depression 23W's Strongest Storms in Two Countries

Tropical Depression 23W formed on Monday, Oct. 9 and by Tuesday, Oct. 10 it made landfall in northern Vietnam. NASA's Aqua satellite analyzed the depression in infrared light and determined the strongest storms were located in two countries.