Carnegie Endowment (90)

Raja Mandala: Indian Diplomacy, Beyond the Canon

If cultural, digital, and physical connectivity have become important themes in Indian diplomacy these days, so has the idea of minilateralism with multiple partners.

Germany's Incoherent Foreign Policy

Europe's largest economy needs to recognize that a new Atlanticist pact is needed if the West is to protect its liberal values.

Trump's Jerusalem Decision

The decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel by President Trump was a political decision, not a foreign policy decision. It was about President Trump and his supporters, and not about moving the peace process forward.

Brexit: UK Defers the Hard Choices

Theresa May has persuaded the EU to move to the next round of Brexit talks. Now she must decide which promises to break.

I Was Hillary Clinton's Chief Foreign-Policy Advisor. And I Have a #MeToo Mea Culpa.

Every single person who works in national security and foreign policy has to confront the problem of sexual harassment squarely and thoroughly-and not stop staring it in the face until things change.

What Was Trump's Russia Plan?

In dealing with the Kremlin, across so many divergent interests, there are no easy fixes or grand bargains.

Fields of Despair

The urban bias of the BJP has made the recent mobilization efforts among rural peasants relatively ineffective.

Belt and Road to Where?

Setting aside the shortcomings of the Belt and Road concept, the “OBOR hype' around the world points to a real and fundamental trend - the ascent of China as a truly global economic and military power.

Vladimir Putin Will Exploit Russia's Olympic Scandal for His Own Ends

The ban on Russia taking part in the 2018 Winter Olympics is a gift to Russian President Vladimir Putin. For Putin, this is perfect fuel for the besieged fortress concept, which is one of the mainstays of his personal legitimacy and popularity.

Corruption, Not Terrorism, Is Tunisia's Biggest Threat

The “democratization of corruption” is putting Tunisia's transition at risk, affecting every level of the country's economic, political, and security systems.

Three Things to Know About Trump's Jerusalem Gambit

President Trump announced a radical departure in U.S. Middle East policy by declaring the United States' recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.

Egypt: Human Rights, Seven Years After the Revolution

The argument that is often made against active engagement on human rights issues in Egypt is that no matter what the United States does, the situation will not improve. This is not true.

NATO's Southern Strategy at a Crossroads

If NATO is to remain effective, the security needs of its Southern neighborhood must be countered by a more sustainable and ambitious strategy.

France Moves From EU Defense to European Defense

While the EU is celebrating PESCO, Paris is preparing for closer defense cooperation outside the union.

NATO's Southern Strategy at a Crossroads

If NATO is to remain effective, the security needs of its Southern neighborhood need to be countered by a more sustainable and ambitious strategy.

Want to Limit Migration? We Can Start by Supporting Democracy in Honduras.

The United States should join Honduran demonstrators in opposing President Hernandez's attempt to rig the election.

American Gas Is Going Global-Can It Also Go Green?

Is natural gas indeed a bridge fuel to a greener, low-carbon energy future? If American gas can maintain its attractiveness versus coal, this creates a sizable opportunity for both extant and emerging U.S. gas exporters.

Judy Asks: Is Multilateralism on the Wane?

A selection of experts answer a new question from Judy Dempsey on the foreign and security policy challenges shaping Europe's role in the world.

Challenges Ahead for Egypt's Economy

Egypt's foreign reserves have begun to recover, but weak foreign direct investment and accumulating debt could hinder reforms down the line. | عربي

Raja Mandala: After Indo-Pacific, the Eurasian Idea

The Indian political and policy establishment, long brought up on the notion that Europe and Asia are different, must adapt to their slow but certain integration into a single geopolitical theatre.

Is There Hope for EU Foreign Policy?

While the Lisbon Treaty reforms have strengthened EU foreign policy, dysfunctional decisionmaking arrangements still hamper the union's effectiveness as a global actor.

Theresa May's Disunited Kingdom

A small unionist party in Northern Ireland is haunting the Brexit talks and the British prime minister.

India Must Learn How to Abstain in Nepal, Resist Temptation to Micromanage

As Nepal concludes its first parliamentary election since 1999, New Delhi faces a window of opportunity to deepen the bilateral relationship.

Rex Tillerson Isn't the Problem. It's Trump.

Amid reports that the White House wants to dump the secretary of state, it's important to understand why he failed-and how his successor might, too.

The Art of Spar

While the Indian media's obsession with China tends to be over the top, there is no denying that Beijing looms large over New Delhi's worldview these days.

The Folly of Deploying U.S. Tactical Nuclear Weapons to South Korea

If Washington wants to keep the South Korean nuclear genie in its bottle, the administration may need to draw the South Korea more closely into U.S. nuclear planning for the peninsula and elevate the visibility of its own nuclear footprint in and around the country.

High Time to End the War in Ukraine

The political conditions for a resolution of the war in Donbas are deteriorating on all sides.

Why an Oil Embargo Won't Stop North Korea

With North Korea's testing of what appears to be a more advanced intercontinental ballistic missile , China is under great pressure to impose crippling economic sanctions against Pyongyang, including cutting off its oil supply.

Nascent Hopes

The Arab Spring failed to quickly change the status quo, but may have set in motion a transformational process that, if managed properly, may can lead to more open and meritocratic societies across the region.

Tillerson Doesn't Deserve This

By focusing on reform that turned unpopular quickly, keeping far too low a public profile, and tolerating others members of the administration expounding on foreign policy, Tillerson reduced his own prestige and relevance.

Greece's Chance

More administrative and judicial reforms, but also an easing of austerity measures, are needed if Greece is to return to creditworthiness.

Cybersecurity and the Concept of Norms

Efforts to promote international norms for cyberspace are more likely to succeed if their advocates clearly grasp and convey to other actors how norms tend to function in different global contexts.

False Promises to Egyptian Youth

Sisi is targeting spaces such as youth sports clubs and even universities to further stifle political expression and discourse among youth. | عربي

Merkel Enters the Twilight Zone

Germany will have no new government until at least next February, as Europe's biggest economy begins to lose influence and predictability under its chancellor.

Raja Mandala: Saudi Arabia and the Ghosts of 1979

The ideas of religious moderation and social modernization have been steadily pushed on the defensive in the four decades since 1979. Any effort to reverse 1979, therefore, must be welcomed in the Subcontinent.

What Is Russia Up To in the Middle East?

The eyes of the world are on the Middle East. Today, more than ever, this deeply-troubled region is the focus of power games between major global players vying for international influence. Absent from this scene for the past quarter century, Russia is now back with gusto. Yet its motivations, ...

Judy Asks: Can Northern Ireland Be Kept in the EU?

A selection of experts answer a new question from Judy Dempsey on the foreign and security policy challenges shaping Europe's role in the world.

Morocco's Pursuit of Judicial Independence

Morocco's transfer of the public prosecutor out of the Ministry of Justice signals a broader shift toward the judiciary's independence from the executive. | عربي

The Big Bet at the Heart of Xi Jinping's “New Deal”

Party leaders have been aware that the Chinese people increasingly demand not only economic prosperity but also social gains. It remains a question whether they will successfully meet these demands while doubling down on Leninist political principles.

China and Central Europe: Don't Believe the Hype

EU membership is the all-defining political and economic reality for Central Europe. China is a curiosity.

Chinese Investments in European Countries: Experiences and Lessons for the “Belt and Road” Initiative

The internationalization of China, and of its companies in particular, is one of the most important phenomena of the beginning of the twenty-first century.

Trump Said What? How Chaos on Turkey, Kurds, and Syria Could Work for U.S.

The United States should not commit massive resources to roll back Iranian influence in Syria. President Donald Trump's call with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan may have headed that off.

German Political Upheaval Has Consequences for All of Europe

The unexpected breakdown of the coalition talks risks thrusting Germany into unprecedented political territory, and the rest of Europe into prolonged political uncertainty with some serious potential ramifications.

Three Economists Went Around India Asking: Do You Call Yourself Middle Class?

The emergence of the Indian middle class has received much attention, but there's no one authoritative way of defining what it means to be middle class.

Georgia and Russia Inch Toward a Business Deal

Tbilisi and Moscow are on the verge of finalizing a transit agreement they initially made in 2011. But political fears could still sink the deal, and its big economic benefits.

Eight Years of Eastern Partnership: Hidden in the Trenches

Europe's commitment to the Eastern Partnership region has been cemented by Russian aggression. Yet, for internal reasons, the EU is trying to avoid the costs linked to the countries' integration. | Русский

France's Bloodless and Pro-European Revolution

Emmanuel Macron could soon become the de facto leader of the EU. But first, he needs to make the French economy great again.

Eight Years of Eastern Partnership: Hidden in the Trenches

Europe's commitment to the Eastern Partnership region has been cemented by Russian aggression. Yet, for internal reasons, the EU is trying to avoid the costs linked to the countries' integration.

More of the Same in Response to Russia?

Moscow is engaged in a hybrid war against the West. The West's response amounts to muddling through.

The Crisis of the Iraqi State

The liberation of the town of Rawa promises the end of a particularly dangerous phase in the history of Iraq. But what the country faces next is a far more complex and potentially fateful struggle. | عربي