Carnegie Endowment (106)

Letter From Ankara

Increasingly, Turkey's leaders seek to reshape their country's relationship with the EU away from the goal of accession toward a framework more focused on trade.

Moon's Phase-Out: What Does It Imply?

South Korea's new president wants to roll back his country's nuclear power industry. He only has five years to do things that would make that happen.

Adjusting Egyptians' Inflation Expectations

Though Egypt's decision to raise interest rates will do little to curb inflation in the short term, its policy is based on a longer view. | عربي

The Relentless Tide of Morocco's Rif Protests

The Moroccan authorities are unsuccessfully using their influence over religious discourse and the media to try to turn the public against protesters in the Rif. | عربي

A Transatlantic Approach Toward Iran?

The United States and Europe should consider bringing their current divergent positions on Iran closer into line.

Raja Mandala: India, U.S., and an East-of-Suez Moment

If Trump believes that an exhausted United States must step back from being the first responder to Eurasian crises, Modi has talked up the idea of India as a leading power that must take greater regional and international responsibilities.

Why Trump's Foreign Policy Can't Be Stopped

The president's general approach to foreign policy-two-thirds disrupter, one-third mainstreamer-is likely to continue. His domestic travails will not constrain what he chooses to do abroad.

Judy Asks: Is Merkel Squandering Germany's Strong Economy?

A selection of experts answer a new question from Judy Dempsey on the foreign and security policy challenges shaping Europe's role in the world.

We Need Tunisia in the Fight Against ISIS

President Trump's plan to slash military aid to Tunisia, a country on the front lines with the self-proclaimed Islamic State, is both misguided and dangerous.

Bolivia's Democracy at Risk: What Role for External Actors?

The outlook for Bolivia's democracy is bleak, and there is considerable potential for a return to political instability.

The Prime Minister Who May Survive

A combination of parliamentary arithmetic and efforts to unite the ruling Conservative Party will probably keep UK Prime Minister Theresa May in office-for now.

With Trump, Best to Focus on Bilateral Ties, Not Global Issues

The upcoming meeting between Prime Minister Modi and President Trump offers a chance for Modi to clearly articulate India's interests, and perhaps help Trump think of India as an opportunity.

Is “Hybrid Geopolitics” the Next EU Foreign Policy Doctrine?

The crisis in Ukraine has pushed the European Union to become a different kind of policy actor.

Macron Shapes Old and New Europe

The EU's political contours are being redrawn, as Western Europe's renewed influence is poised to eclipse the union's Eastern members.

New Protests Question Russia's Social Contract

The problem for the regime in Moscow is that today's revolution is taking place not in the streets of Russia but in the minds of its citizens.

Letter From Seoul

Recent changes to the world order may allow the EU to play a more prominent role on the Korean Peninsula, especially when it comes to security.

New Alignments, Old Battlefield: Revisiting India's Role in Afghanistan

The only solution to the Afghan conflict is a political one. An open-minded approach by India can help secure the gains of the previous fifteen years.

Europe's Defense Fund Ignores Real Threat: Populism

The European Union should be investing in foreign policy and humanitarian aid, not weapons.

Behind the Qatar Crisis

The rapid escalation of tensions over the past few weeks carries significant implications for unity, security, and balance of power in the Gulf. | عربي

Bringing Brexit Back to Reality

As London and Brussels prepare to negotiate the UK's exit from the EU, both sides need to tone down their confrontational rhetoric and adopt a more constructive approach.

Credible EU Defense Means Rethinking Sovereignty

Unless Europeans agree to compromise on national sovereignty at the EU level, current defense initiatives will amount to all talk and no action.

Private Sector Cyber Defense: Can Active Measures Help Stabilize Cyberspace?

Faced with limited capacity and resources, governments need to develop a complementary, legitimate space for private sector active cyber defense.

Reviving Indo-European Engagement in the Baltic

India must focus on Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania if it wishes to shape Eurasia's geostrategic transformation.

Russia and the West in a New Standoff

The break between Russia and the West is not a passing phase, but a long-term condition that will shape the course of European security for the foreseeable future.

Guaranteeing Employees Against Losses

A number of Chinese companies are trying to shore up their stock prices with programs that encourage employees to buy shares and ensuring them against losses. These programs have implications about leverage in China and about the way losses may be distributed within the banking system.

Time to Reset U.S. Policy in the South Caucasus

Geopolitical conditions in the South Caucasus have experienced a substantial shift in recent years. Washington needs to adjust assumptions in advancing U.S. interests in the region to make the most of its capabilities.

Judy Asks: Is Britain Lost?

A selection of experts answer a new question from Judy Dempsey on the foreign and security policy challenges shaping Europe's role in the world.

Civic Cooperation in Turkey

Civic cooperation in Turkey is a promising trend, potentially reinforcing the effects of different actors' work in a country where sustained, long-term efforts have been rare.

Keine Atombombe, Bitte: Why Germany Should Not Go Nuclear

Nuclear weapons will not solve Europe's current security woes, but Washington should not dismiss German nuclear yearnings, as they reflect a growing sense of uncertainty in Berlin.

Raja Mandala: Engaging an Inward Looking U.S.

The traditional props that have framed India-U.S. relationship over the last two decades-including those on shared democratic values and a common interest in Asian balance of power-can no longer provide an effective guidance to the Trump era.

Are Russian Protests a Threat to Putin?

While disruptive, the recent political protests are unlikely to immediately destabilize the regime.

In the Age of Trump, China Will Not Save Europe

China is no substitute for Europe's special ties with the United States, as any pivot to the East is paved with difficulties.

France's Rise and Britain's Demise

While Britain's prime minister ushers in the decline of London's influence in the world, France's president seeks reforms that will reassert Paris's role in the EU.

Turkey's Evolving Array of Diplomatic Challenges

As the Turkish leadership becomes increasingly isolated from its traditional allies, Ankara seems tempted to seek refuge in an unconvincing regional role.

On Brexit and U.S.-Europe Relations

How will the election of Donald Trump as president and the recent British poll affect Brexit negotiations?

On UK Election Results

The 2017 United Kingdom parliamentary election ended in a hung parliament after the Conservative Party failed to retain its majority.

How Long Will the Greek Crisis Last?

If Greece is to recover from its eight-year-long debt crisis, the country will need massive investment and a systematic effort to rebuild institutions and retrain labor.

France's Rise and Britain's Demise

As Britain's prime minister ushers in the decline of London's influence in the world, France's president seeks reforms that will reassert Paris's role in the EU.

Britain's Postelection Future

A snap general election has turned into a political debacle for Britain and its leader, Prime Minister Theresa May.

Letter From Washington

Europeans must prepare for a less romantic and more transactional view of the EU from Washington, as the U.S. president downplays the importance of the transatlantic relationship.

Beware of Beijing

India's prolonged quest to join the Shanghai Cooperation Organization brings into sharp relief an enduring tension between competing geopolitical ideas.

Feeding Social Stability in Egypt

Egypt's military is using food charity during Ramadan to prevent social unrest, though it may not be able to afford this tactic in the long term. | عربي

Iranian Military Blames Saudi Arabia For Tehran Terror Attack

The recent terrorist attack in Tehran is evidence that Iran is not immune to the effects of the ongoing regional turmoil.

Cajoling Europe Into Cooperating on Defense

The European Commission's new defense proposals could give EU member states' armed forces more value for their euros-if governments respond effectively.

Why India Must Draw Australia Into the Bay of Bengal

One way of lending substance to the Indo-Pacific cooperation between India and Australia is to identify specific subregions for practical cooperation, such as the Bay of Bengal.

Washington and the Latest Qatari Row

The ongoing diplomatic crisis between Qatar and its neighbors offers insight into U.S. interests in the Middle East, and the Gulf in particular.

Don't Believe What Putin Is Saying About 'Patriotic' Russian Hackers

With the recent allegations about Russia's military intelligence targeting U.S. voting software suppliers, more and more details are becoming available about what looks like a comprehensive, multifaceted operation targeting U.S. elections in 2016.

Saudi Arabia's Renewables Revolution

To promote Saudi Arabia's push toward renewable energy, the United States should help the kingdom transform itself from petro-state to participant in the global clean energy market.

America Can't Fix Its Problems With New Nukes

Will a new Nuclear Posture Review reassure allies concerning the United States' nuclear policy?

Hope for Iran's Reformists

Iran's weak economic recovery eroded Rouhani's voter base, but municipal victories for his reformist and centrist allies may help his agenda and boost chances for future electoral victories. | عربي