Brookings (303)

Cooperation and coordination across policy domains

To foster health information exchange, revise HIPAA and HITECH

We know that when patients are provided with access to their medical records, they feel more in control of their care, better understand their health conditions and their care plans, prepare for their visits, and adhere more to their medications. Despite patient portals' usability challenges for ...

Post-AGOA: Moving to a reciprocal US-Africa trade arrangement

The global trade environment is rapidly changing and already affecting the U.S.-Africa trade relationship. Indeed, the African Growth and Opportunity Act was not intended to be permanent. The program was designed as a stepping stone to a more mature trade relationship between the U.S. and the ...

Integrating schools in a gentrifying city through choice

In 2012, Denver Public Schools implemented SchoolChoice, the country's first unified enrollment system for all public schools in the city: district, charter, and magnet. Over the past five years, DPS has used choice as a major tool to increase student access to high-performing schools. We also ...

Book launch | Reaching for the sky: Empowering girls through education

The launch of Reaching for the Sky: Empowering Girls through Education, a book by Dr. Urvashi Sahni . Dr. Sahni is a leading expert in school governance, curriculum reform and teacher training with a special focus on…

Neighbours in arms: A discussion with Larry Pressler

A private book discussion on Neighbours in Arms with Larry Pressler. A former member of the U.S. Congress and a three-term Senator, Pressler is known for the Pressler Amendment of 1985, which banned most economic and military assistance to Pakistan absent a certification from the U.S. President of ...

Restructuring the Medical Council of India to eliminate corruption

The Medical Council of India has been repeatedly criticized for providing opaque accreditation to aspiring medical colleges in India. Many of its members have been accused of taking bribes in order to fast-track accreditation. Bribes reduce the legitimacy of all accredited colleges and thereby ...

The future of the West: A conversation with Bernard-Henri Lévy

These are difficult times for the West. With Britain on course to leave the European Union, Russia continuing to foment conflict in Eastern Ukraine, rising authoritarian populism on both the right and left, and increasing political division and racial tensions in the United States, many are ...

Diplomacy toward North Korea: Some good news

In covering the North Korea nuclear issue, the media understandably have developed a narrative that gives pride of place to North Korean bomb and missile tests and short shrift to diplomatic developments surrounding them. While obviously the progress of North Korea's weapons of mass destruction ...

Flagship reforms for a more effective African Union: A conversation with Rwandan President Paul Kagame

Though the African Union is mandated to enhance cooperation among member states, support the strength of institutions across the continent, and spur development, it has yet to fully deliver on its mission. Earlier this year, President Paul Kagame of Rwanda published a formal review that proposes ...

Why the wiring of our brains makes it hard to stop climate change

Houston has barely begun to dry out from Hurricane Harvey, and Florida faces a massive rebuilding effort after the Irma catastrophe. These two storms, among the most powerful in American history, are typical of the extreme weather events that are likely to become more common as the planet warms. A ...

Views among college students regarding the First Amendment: Results from a new survey

College students' views of the First Amendment are of profound importance for multiple reasons. First, colleges and universities are places where intellectual debate should flourish. That can only occur if campuses are places where viewpoint diversity is celebrated, and where the First Amendment is ...

3 platforms for girls' education in climate strategies

The intensifying impacts of climate change and its indiscriminate nature make climate change adaptation and mitigation a high priority for countries around the globe. Disasters caused by droughts, wildfires, tropical cyclones, and floods have wreaked havoc on people's lives everywhere, from ...

The Macron/Trump co-dependency

When French president Emmanuel Macron meets with President Trump today on the margins of the U.N. General Assembly, sparks won't fly. The two most talked-about Western politicians of the last electoral cycle may be standing on opposite sides of the ideological spectrum, but they get along pretty ...

Hurricanes hit the poor the hardest

Hurricane Harvey displaced more than 30,000 people, was responsible for at least 70 deaths, and is expected to cost between $70 and $108 billion. The economic damages from Hurricane Irma might be even higher.  As hurricanes and other extreme weather events become more commonplace , so too ...

Impact bonds in developing countries: Early learnings from the field

While remarkable progress has been made in human development indicators in recent decades, significant global challenges remain. Over 800 million people are living on less than $1.25 a day and 263 million children and young people are out of school. The United Nations' sustainable development ...

No progress on Qatar and Saudi Arabia row

No Progress On Qatar And Saudi Arabia Row

Democracy at risk: Solving critical problems threatening U.S. elections

Competitive and fair elections are the ultimate guarantor of American democracy. Yet they are facing an increasing number of challenges. The Citizens United decision opened the floodgates to Super PAC and secret money in U.S. elections. The 2016 election cycle witnessed the greatest outpouring of ...

Air transportation issues in China and other countries

From Sep 15 to Sep 16, the Brookings-Tsinghua Center will host a seminar on Air Transportation Issues in China and Other Countries. Academics from China and abroad will present papers on airline mergers, competition with high-speed rail, airport competition, and regulatory policy from a comparative ...

What Amazon's HQ2 wish list signals about the future of cities

Charts of the week: E-commerce hurts retail, Puerto Rico's high poverty, lack of broadband access

A roundup of recent data and infographics from Brookings research. E-COMMERCE'S EFFECT ON BRICK-AND-MORTAR RETAIL Amazon's intention to open a second headquarters has placed a renewed focus on the rise of e-commerce and its effect on brick-and-mortar retailers. In the last six years, 83 of the top ...

Future Development Reads: Apple's new iPhone, drone delivery in Rwanda, and politics heating up in Europe

This week saw the 10th anniversary of the release of the iPhone. Apple held its annual bombastic show, presenting a host of new products. For the first time the show took place in the Steve Jobs Auditorium in Apple's new headquarters in Cupertino, California. The new products included an upgraded ...

Africa in the News: Tanzania seizes diamond shipment, Biafra separatists clash with Nigerian army, and South African Airways cuts flights

In diamond news: Tanzania seizes $15 billion diamond shipment and Zimbabwe enriches political elites with diamond revenues The Tanzania government continues to make strides toward increasing its control over the country's mining sector, a process started after the 2015 election of President John ...

An approach to scoring collaboration in online game environments

With technological advances, it is now possible to use games to capture information‑rich behaviours that reveal processes by which players interact and solve problems. Recent problem‑based games have been designed to assess and record detailed interactions between the problem solver and the game ...

10 years after the Great Recession, why aren't more Americans working?

10 years after the Great Recession, new research from the Hamilton Project at Brookings scholars Jay Shambaughand Ryan Nunn demonstrates that although the 'jobs gap' from the recession is now closed, millions of American men and women of prime working age remain out of the labor force. ...

Large e-commerce company ISO second home. Dense, dynamic innovation district preferred.

Since Amazon's bombshell announcement last week requesting applications for HQ2'—a second corporate headquarters that will hire as many as 50,000 new employees—a flurry of articles and blog posts have speculated about which cities are the top contenders and what landing the corporate behemoth ...

Large e-commerce company ISO of second home. Dense, dynamic innovation district preferred.

Since Amazon's bombshell announcement last week requesting applications for HQ2'—a second corporate headquarters that will hire as many as 50,000 new employees—a flurry of articles and blog posts have speculated about which cities are the top contenders and what landing the corporate behemoth ...

What is the Open Internet Rule?

THE ISSUE: In April 2017, Ajit Pai, the Federal Communications Commission chairman under the Trump administration, announced a plan to roll back the Open Internet Rule. A signature telecom regulation of the Obama administration, the rule was made to ensure an open internet, or net neutrality.' The ...

Examining South Korea

Three charts showing you poverty in U.S. cities and metro areas

The U.S. Census Bureau recently released its annual report on income and poverty in the United States. It provided a lot of good news at the national level: from 2015 to 2016, median household income rose, and the poverty rate fell, finally returning to their levels from before the Great Recession. ...

Figures of the week: China's rebalancing and African growth

Over the past 20 years, China has become Africa's single largest trading partner and a growing source of investment and lending in Africa, signaling deepening economic ties between the two partners . To explore new developments in China and Africa's evolving economic relationship, the IMF Africa ...

Daniel Tarullo: From law professor to Federal Reserve Governor

What's it like for someone who is not a PhD economist to join the Federal Reserve's Board of Governors, perhaps the most powerful set of economic policymakers in the world? Ask Daniel Tarullo, a law professor and senior economic policymaker in the Clinton White House, who served as Fed governor from ...

Finding the missing linkages in your tax base

Since the 2008 global financial crisis, governments have had renewed vigor to increase tax compliance as well as look for new taxation possibilities. The focus on expanding the tax base is nothing new, but tax officials since the crisis, in developed and then later developing countries, began to ...

Beneath NAFTA, U.S. and Mexican cities continue their own diplomacy

In the center of Hermosillo, a manufacturing-dominant city of nearly 700,000 in Mexico's northwestern Sonora state, the printers at Etiquetas e Impresiones de Mexico are churning out white labels, sheets, and packaging for big-name retailers. 350 miles to the north, in Phoenix, the same ...

Network adequacy under the Trump administration

Network adequacy was one of the many critical issues that the Trump administration confronted when it took over responsibility for administering the Affordable Care Act . In an effort to provide greater consumer value, insurers in the ACA's reformed Marketplace have shifted to much narrower ...

How extra pay for graduate degrees may influence the teacher diversity gap

Last week, the Brown Center on Education Policy at Brookings released a new report examining inequalities in teacher salaries across the nation and how they are related to state-level inequalities in school funding and pension benefits. We found the level of wage inequality among public school ...

Hutchins Roundup: Large-scale asset purchases and bank risk taking, effects of credit availability, and more

Studies in this week's Hutchins Roundup find that large-scale asset purchases increased bank risk taking, credit supply shocks boost household demand, and more. Want to receive the Hutchins Roundup as an email? Sign up here to get it in your inbox every Thursday. Large-scale asset purchases led to ...

A better approach to regulating provider network adequacy

Health care reforms, including those put in place by the Affordable Care Act, are making insurers more competitive. However, in their effort to lower costs, health insurers more often are selling health plans that cover fewer hospitals, and many fewer physicians. This narrowing of provider networks ...

Segregation and changing populations shape Rust Belt's politics

This summer, in A tale of two Rust Belts, I explored how diverging economic paths in the Great Lakes region help explain political patterns we are seeing today. Since last year's election in which Rust Belt states delivered the decisive victories for President Trump, interest in the economic ...

Summer learning loss: What is it, and what can we do about it?

As students return to school this fall, many of them - perhaps especially those from historically disadvantaged student groups - will be starting the academic year with achievement levels lower than where they were at the beginning of summer break. This phenomenon – sometimes referred to as summer ...

No simple solution to the Rohingya crisis in Myanmar

Reporters on the scene are saying that 300,000 or more members of the Rohingya community in Buddhist-majority Myanmar have fled across the border into Muslim-majority Bangladesh in the past two weeks. The refugees have been describing to reporters a litany of human rights abuses: homes burned, women ...

House GOP plan will boost tax revenue and satisfy businesses

Searching for revenue raisers to offset tax cuts, House Ways and Means Committee Chairman Kevin Brady  has recently suggested a limit on tax deductions by businesses of the interest they pay on bonds and loans. Such a limit, if set at 50 percent of a firm's net interest, is a sound proposal from ...

Tackling migration at the source

For citizens of poor countries, migration often is a highly appealing option. The journey to a new country is often perilous, but it promises far greater economic opportunity: average per capita incomes in advanced economies can be more than 50 times higher than those in the developing world. In ...

How the U.S. viewed the 1967 Sikkim skirmishes between India and China

Fifty years ago, on September 13, 1967, Indian deputy prime minister Morarji Desai, who was visiting the U.S., appeared on the Today' show. The first five questions he was asked were about the fighting up in Sikkim' – the reference was to the clashes that had taken place from September 11 at Nathu ...

Why Bernie Sanders's plan for universal health care is only half right

Sen. Bernie Sanders plans to introduce his universal health care bill Wednesday; it is likely to serve as a litmus test for Democrats with presidential aspirations. The legislation is bold and simple, which makes it very appealing. A recent survey by the Pew Research Center found that 60 percent ...

Democracy remains the best path to security

Don't ever conflate disaster recovery with education reform

Katrina attracted educational opportunists who looked past children and families Storms will inevitably come; the tragedy is that avoidable manmade disasters will follow. After Hurricane Katrina, many talked about New Orleans schools as a clean sheet of paper.' People bandied around phrases like ...

Catastrophe on the Yalu: America's intelligence failure in Korea

The American intelligence community's experience with the People's Republic of China and North Korea began with a disaster, a catastrophic intelligence failure in 1950 that cost the lives of thousands of Americans. Worse, it was a self-imposed disaster—the result of terrible intelligence ...

As independence vote nears, Iraqi Kurds play a risky game of chicken

A dangerous game of chicken is being played over the future of Iraq. In less than a month, Kurds across northern Iraq are slated to vote in a referendum on independence. If the vote is held, most observers think it will pass overwhelmingly. Yet many Kurdish political leaders harbor grave doubts ...