Brookings (407)

The Trump era: New trends in Sino-U.S. economics and trade

Through the OBOR initiative and the AIIB, China's economic leadership in the world is expanding both regionally and internationally. At the same time, pulling the U.S. out of the TPP was a major part of Donald Trump's campaign, a strategy that he has pursued thus far in his presidency. After the ...

On the CBO scoring of the AHCA

Matthew Fiedler, fellow with the Center for Health Policy in Economic Studies, evaluates the new CBO score of the AHCA, how it differs from past estimates, and the impact of the MacArthur Amendment. http://directory.libsyn.com/episode/index/id/5390525 Related content: On the AHCA vote and the ...

On Trump's Article 5 omission

I would prefer that President Trump fully support NATO's Article 5, to ensure the alliance's deterrent is clear and therefore robust. My colleague Tom Wright is absolutely correct about this. Moreover, my colleagues Richard Bush, Bruce Jones, and Robert Kagan, among others are convincing in their ...

All measures short of war: The contest for the 21st century and the future of American power

After two decades of unprecedented cooperation between the major nations, great power competition has returned. Russia and China are seeking spheres of influence and doubts surround the United States' commitment to maintaining a liberal international order. But what will geopolitical competition ...

Figures of the week: Entrepreneurship and industrialization in Africa

This week, from May 22 to 26, the African Development Bank Group is holding its 52nd annual meetings in Ahmedabad, India on the theme of Transforming Agriculture for Wealth Creation in Africa.' India's partnership with the AfDB spans over 30 years, and India has notably expanded its economic ties ...

On proposed budget cuts to foreign assistance programs

George Ingram, senior fellow in Global Economy and Development, outlines the impacted programs in Trump's proposed budget and explains the importance of foreign assistance for U.S. development and diplomacy. http://directory.libsyn.com/episode/index/id/5390064 Related content: On cuts to foreign ...

Senate GOP used “blue slips” to block Obama judicial nominees, but now wants to trash the practice

Blue slips' are blue-paper forms that Senate Judiciary Committee chairs send to home-state senators asking if they approve of judicial nominees in their states. During the Obama administration, a Democratic or Republican negative or unreturned blue slip killed the nomination. Pre-2009 chairs may ...

Assessing the United Nations Human Rights Council

Good afternoon, Mr. Chairman, Senator Young and Mr. Ranking Member, Senator Merkley.  I am grateful for the opportunity to contribute to the Subcommittee's deliberations regarding the United Nations Human Rights Council and the role of U.S. engagement in supporting and strengthening the world's ...

Do school districts spend less money on poor and minority students?

The U.S. public school system is characterized by large funding differences across districts, but what about differences in school spending within districts? Generally, districts have discretion with respect to how they allocate resources to specific schools. In recent research , we evaluate the ...

Islamists on Islamism today: An interview with Habib Ellouze of Tunisia's Ennahda Party

We continue here Brookings's interview series with Islamist leaders and activists, part of our Rethinking Political Islam initiative. We asked each participant to discuss the state of his or her movement and reflect on lessons learned from various crises, including the rise of ISIS and the 2013 ...

Brookings books for a summer read

Summer is a time for relaxation, and nothing says relax' like a good book—even a wonky one. Below we have listed the best summer reads from the Brookings Institution Press. Whether you're looking for the perfect poolside read or airplane book, or even just a book to enjoy on your commute to work, ...

Marshall, Merkel, and Africa

Earlier this year, Germany unveiled its Marshall Plan with Africa, which it will promote during its chairmanship of the G-20. Given the historic success of the original Marshall Plan and to avoid raising expectations that will not be met, the authors would be better off calling this development ...

America's Afghanistan problem: It's not just about sending more troops

Reportedly, the Trump administration is considering adding several thousand U.S. troops—ideally accompanied by other NATO and foreign reinforcements too—to the U.S.-led mission in Afghanistan. The current mission totals some 8,500 Americans, and roughly twelve thousand foreign troops in all, so ...

Creating an economics-sensitive zone at the FCC

One less-publicized initiative of new Federal Communications Commission Chairman Ajit Pai may have profound impact on the agency's policymaking agenda. Last month, Chairman Pai announced that he would be creating an Office of Economics and Data at the FCC. This office will combine economists and ...

Expectations game: House candidate recruitment for the 2018 election

The 2018 midterm elections are 18 months away, but conversations have already begun about how they might turn out. Early reports suggest that Democrats are recruiting high-quality candidates to challenge Republicans in swing congressional districts in 2018. If these efforts bear fruit for the ...

Start high school later for better academic outcomes

Many proposals for improving student performance involve very costly interventions. And while quite a few of these costly interventions surely pass benefit-cost tests, they can be extremely challenging, politically or financially, to implement. One possible source of low-hanging fruit' involves ...

Hutchins Roundup: Minimum wage, debt limits, and more

Studies in this week's Hutchins Roundup find that minimum wage increases do not pass through to prices, US debt limit impasses in Congress raise the cost of borrowing for the federal government, and more. Want to receive the Hutchins Roundup as an email? Sign up here to get it in your inbox every ...

WATCH: What are the key ingredients to scaling quality learning?

The goal of the Millions Learning project is to catalyze a discussion about how to scale up quality education more rapidly and equitably in low- and middle- income countries. Building off the previous videos, Why focus on scaling learning for children and youth in developing countries? and What are ...

All Measures Short of War: The Contest for the 21st Century and the Future of American Power

After two decades of unprecedented cooperation between the major nations, great power competition has returned. Russia and China are seeking spheres of influence and doubts surround the United States' commitment to maintaining a liberal international order. But what will geopolitical competition ...

Rep. Mac Thornberry: We have cut defense too much

There is widespread agreement, I believe in both parties, that we have cut defense too much,' Rep. Mac Thornberry said at a Brookings event this week. We are roughly 20 percent below what it was in 2010.' Rep. Thornberry , chairman of the House Armed Services Committee, discussed military ...

Cash assistance for child poverty

In this episode of Intersections, guest interviewer Ron Haskins, co-director of the Brookings Center on Children and Families, discusses changes in the social safety net and the role of cash assistance in meeting the needs of families with children with Luke Shaefer of the University of Michigan and ...

Nuclear deal fallout: The global threat of Iran

Chairman Poe, Ranking Member Keating, members of this distinguished subcommittee, and subcommittee staff, thank you for the opportunity to testify. Relationships with terrorist and militant groups are integral to Iran's foreign policy. The clerical regime in Tehran sponsors a range of organizations ...

Race, American Identity and the Census

In the May 14 Sunday Review section of The New York Times, Herbert Gans proposed a most unlikely source for driving America's rising right-wing hysteria—the U.S. Census Bureau. Mr. Gans accused the Bureau of downplaying the nation's whiteness' in its statistics, thereby promoting fear among white ...

The play's the thing: Active pedagogies to improve learning

It is a commonly held conviction in the early childhood education community that young children learn most effectively, if not exclusively, through play. What's more, a growing body of research indicates that teachers who master these concepts can improve learning development in children. Providing ...

'Exclusionary zoning' is opportunity hoarding by upper middle class

One of the great advantages of the United States has, at least historically, been the nation's sheer scale. With almost four million square miles of territory, there has almost always been somewhere to go to find land, or at least a living. But the economic geography of the nation has shifted. ...

Actualising East: India in a Multipolar Asia

After years of a 'Look East' policy that recognised the importance of the Asia-Pacific region for Indian interests, the Indian government decided to upgrade it rhetorically to 'Act East'. The objective of the 'Act East' policy is to ensure a multipolar Asia, through deeper institutional engagement, ...

The U.S.-Saudi Arabia relationship goes beyond Donald Trump

What the Manchester attack shows us about how the terrorism danger has evolved

The latest atrocity claimed by the Islamic State—the killing of at least 22 people, many of them children, at an Ariana Grande concert in Manchester—illustrates how the terrorism threat has evolved. The United Kingdom, after all, is no stranger to terrorism. On July 7, 2005 al-Qaida ...

Vital Stats: Congress has a staffing problem, too

While much recent attention has been paid to the Trump administration's struggles to staff high-level government positions—struggles that, as John Hudak argued last week, may only get worse—most federal employees are not political appointees, but civil servants. Within the career civil service, ...

A note from the World Economic Forum on Africa in Durban

Earlier this month, more than 1,000 leaders from business, government, and civil society participated in the World Economic Forum on Africa in Durban in early May with the theme, Achieving Inclusive Growth through Responsive and Responsible Leadership.' This note highlights several conversations ...

FCC “Incentive Auction” marks progress and pitfalls towards freeing wireless spectrum

In February 2009 the Federal Communications Commission began to draft a National Broadband Plan . Published in March 2010, the study asked how policymakers might improve broadband in the U.S. The answer: use innovative market mechanisms to nudge more spectrum into the wireless sector. Cellular ...

Some reflections on Japanese monetary policy

Over the years, I've done a lot thinking and writing about challenges faced by Japanese monetary policymakers in their attempts to combat deflation. In some of my earlier pieces I argued that, if the Bank of Japan showed more resolve, it could readily overcome these problems. But, in recent years, ...

Polling Spotlight: Despite Trump's skepticism, public support for NATO has grown

As President Trump's overseas trip enters its European phase, a just-released survey from the Pew Research Center finds that support for NATO, which Mr. Trump once labelled obsolete,' has rebounded on both sides of the Atlantic. Nearly four-fifths of Polish and Dutch citizens have a favorable view ...

Infrastructure's big tent

Infrastructure is a big-tent sector. Employing more than 14.5 million workers and moving millions of people, goods, and ideas across the country, infrastructure is one of the rare policy sectors that touches every person, every day. However, since it is so large, capturing every perspective at a ...

Detroit's big bet on small business

In Detroit's New Center' area north of Wayne State University, entrepreneur Anthony Hatinger and his business partners are making a bet: that decades from now, crickets and other bugs will have a place in the American palate as consumers become more attentive to the environmental costs and price of ...

Europe's mixed views on China's One Belt, One Road initiative

China's One Belt, One Road summit is over, but the Chinese narrative is only just getting started. In a video released by the state-owned media outlet China Daily, a Western father tells his daughter a Belt and Road Initiative bedtime story: China's idea does not only belong to China. It belongs ...

Unpacked: The political risks of impeachment

THE ISSUE: Conversation around potentially impeachable offenses committed by President Trump continues to dominate the news cycle. Yet despite this chatter from political commentators and even some members of Congress, the impeachment of a president whose party controls both the House and Senate ...

The president could learn spiritualpolitik' from the Pope

Following historic stops at sacred sites in Riyadh and Jerusalem, could President Trump's visit to the Vatican reset his relationship with Pope Francis, and what lessons about leadership might the president glean from the pontiff? In February 2016, Pope Francis, without naming any names, proclaimed ...

Trump's budget request puts Congress on a rocky path

President Donald Trump may be traveling abroad, but his administration's first budget request was released this morning.  Here are four major takeaways: Yes, the Trump budget contains dramatic cuts to many federal programs… The Trump administration's first full budget request contains significant ...

Want a new counterterrorism strategy? Be careful what you wish for

In his first speech abroad as president, Donald Trump told his audience of Muslim leaders in Saudi Arabia on Sunday that or our part, America is committed to adjusting our strategies to meet evolving threats and new facts. We will discard those strategies that have not worked—and will apply new ...

How Trump's “think big” mantra could help advance Israeli-Palestinian peace

For those Democrats and progressives determined to fight President Trump at every move, I have some bad news for you. Or at least I'd ask you to reconsider. The Trump administration's game plan for the West Bank makes eminent sense—at least in the very short term and in the economic sphere. ...

Rivlin: 'Congratulations on choosing public policy'

Graduates and members of the McCourt School extended family: I have taught at McCourt School as a part-time visiting professor since the fall of 2003—almost 14 years—and absolutely loved being here, especially interacting with students. The McCourt School is fortunate to attract such a talented, ...

What will Rouhani's repeat mean for Iran and Washington?

Hassan Rouhani, Iran's incumbent president and the sheikh of diplomacy' who helped engineer the Iran nuclear deal, won a resounding mandate in a hard-fought reelection battle on Friday, sparking jubilation in the streets of Iran's major cities. Within Iran, the election's outcome matters most for ...

Scorecard diplomacy: How grades drive behavior in international relations

Exploding Growth of Indicator Scorecards Using data to rate countries doesn't just help us understand their behavior, it actually changes it. Take a look at just one example. The maps below show how countries have changed their laws to criminalize human trafficking since 2001, when the United States ...

In a changing rural America, what can charter schools offer?

Rural America is not your grandparents' heartland. Its population is getting older: 21 of the 25 oldest counties in the United States are rural. It's no longer overwhelmingly white: One in five rural residents is a person of color, and more than four of five new rural residents are people of ...

'Vasudhaiva kutumbakam' for the 21st century

From Jawaharlal Nehru to Narendra Modi, India's leaders have often evoked the phrase vasudhaiva kutumbakam , taken from the Maha Upanishad, to elucidate the country's global outlook. While the term has become a mantra of India's diplomatic lexicon, it has remained ambiguous and rarely elaborated. ...

India doesn't have a lot to lose by boycotting OBOR. Read why

What does India want from the world? It's quite clear, really: international partnerships to accelerate its domestic development, a stable and conducive periphery, a multi-polar Asia, an end to cross-border terrorism and a sufficient role in global governance to enable it to meet these goals. Today, ...

New Delhi's efforts at ICJ may just have won Kulbhushan Jadhav a reprieve, but there's a long battle ahead

On May 18, the International Court of Justice – the principal judicial arm of the United Nations – ruled on the case of Kulbhushan Jadhav, whom Pakistan alleges is an Indian spy. The court unanimously declared that Pakistan must take all measures at its disposal to ensure that Jadhav is not ...

Trump's Islam speech and the blessings of low expectations

In an unexpected development, President Donald Trump is slated to give a speech on Islam' in Saudi Arabia, as part of his first presidential trip abroad. In a May 16 briefing, National Security Advisor H.R. McMaster explained that the address would focus on the need to confront radical ideology' and ...

Future Development Reads: Outcomes from the Belt and Road Forum, flying cars, and solving the plastic waste crisis

Last week, leaders from 29 countries attended the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation,' as well as the heads of the United Nations, International Monetary Fund, and World Bank. The Chinese President Xi Jinping called it a rejection of protectionism.' The economic logic is compelling: ...