Brookings (226)

Can Angela Merkel find her own way out of the crisis in Berlin?

A yawning power vacuum has opened at the heart of Europe. At a time when a shaken West and indeed much of the rest of the world is nervously looking to Germany for ideas and leadership, efforts to form a new government in Berlin have collapsed. For the first time in the country's postwar history, ...

What Brookings experts said about Trump's marathon trip to Asia

Earlier this month and coinciding with the one-year anniversary of his election, President Trump set out on an 11-day trip to five Asian countries: China, Japan, South Korea, Vietnam, and the Philippines. In his first year in office, Trump has withdrawn the United States from the Trans-Pacific ...

3 things to know about Africa's industrialization and the Continental Free Trade Area

This year, Africa's Industrialization Day focused on raising awareness of the importance of African industrial development in implementing a successful Continental Free Trade Area , fostering economic growth, and alleviating poverty. A continent-wide endeavor, the CFTA aims to create a single market ...

Charts of the week: The digitalization of American occupations, family-level inequality, and mayoral powers

Click on the links or on the charts to go to the full research.   THE DIGITALIZATION OF AMERICAN OCCUPATIONS VARIES WIDELY BY INDUSTRY In a new report, experts from the Brookings Metropolitan Policy Program explore the diffusion of digital technology in 545 low-, medium-, and high-skilled ...

Proposed changes to foreign investment committee are damaging to the US

Senator John Cornyn has led other members of the U.S. Senate in sponsoring the Foreign Investment Risk Review Modernization Act of 2017, which updates the procedures of the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States . The bill orders CFIUS for the first time to investigate the potential ...

Hutchins Roundup: Negative policy rates, Medicare Advantage, and more

Studies in this week's Hutchins Roundup find that negative policy rates may be contractionary, Medicare Advantage plans game the system to attract profitable enrollees, and more. Want to receive the Hutchins Roundup as an email? Sign up here to get it in your inbox every Thursday. Negative policy ...

Hutchins Roundup: Negative policy rates, Medicaid Advantage, and more

Studies in this week's Hutchins Roundup find that negative policy rates may be contractionary, Medicare Advantage plans game the system to attract profitable enrollees, and more. Want to receive the Hutchins Roundup as an email? Sign up here to get it in your inbox every Thursday. Negative policy ...

Why the Trump administration's policy on Pakistan is likely to fail

Thousands of Pakistani protesters, supporters of the hard-line Tehreek-e-Labaik Islamist party that demands strict adherence to Pakistan's blasphemy laws, have blocked a main entrance to Islamabad for more than two weeks. They have accused Zahid Hamid, the country's law minister, of blasphemy after ...

Why Turkey cares about the trial of Reza Zarrab

In recent weeks, there has been increasing American interest in a previously little-watched judicial saga unfolding in New York district court. Like a Turkish soap opera, it involves a dashing businessman with a pop-star wife, corruption allegations, leaked tapes of private conversations and ...

Afghanistan's opium production is through the roof—why Washington shouldn't overreact

In 2017, opium cultivation in Afghanistan reached a record high, with multifaceted impacts on the country. Yet Afghan heroin is not fueling the deadly U.S. opiate epidemic to any significant degree. And there is very little the United States or other countries can do about the opiate production in ...

Life skills education is more than teaching skills

Today the buzz around life skills education for girls is at an all-time high. Policy and civil society actors—from United Nations agencies to grassroots community-based organizations—have made great strides developing life skills programming to help girls achieve a wide range of empowering ...

Putting the North Korea terrorism designation in context

President Trump designated North Korea a sponsor of terrorism on Monday, returning it to the list of official state sponsors along with Iran, Sudan and Syria. In making his decision, the President noted: In addition to threatening the world by nuclear devastation, North Korea has repeatedly ...

How to avoid an ISIS 2.0 in Iraq

With Mosul and other key cities now liberated from the horrible scourge of ISIS, Iraq stands at a crucial crossroads. Iraqis and Americans have squandered historic opportunities to build a new, stable and prosperous country together before. We must not let that happen again. The key danger, as ...

Tech empowers, tech polarizes

Tech is a hugely empowering force in the workplace, but it also polarizes. At a moment of disquiet about the nation's West Coast tech giants, that's the ambiguous synopsis of the big new report we at Brookings Metro just released on the progress of digitalization'—the diffusion of digital ...

The FCC's net neutrality proposal: A shameful sham that sells out consumers

Go figure. The day after the Trump Justice Department sues to block the vertical integration of AT&T and Time Warner, the Trump Federal Communications Commission proposes eliminating rules that could be used to prevent the same harms to consumers. Right hand…meet left hand. Fighting against ...

State fragility is key to reaching the last mile in ending poverty

Fragile states are at the center of today's global development crisis. By 2030, an estimated 80 percent of the world's extreme poor will live in these perilous places. While international actors have broadened their focus to cover fragility, conflict, and violence, this has not come with high-level ...

Repealing the individual mandate would do substantial harm

The tax legislation reported by the Senate Finance Committee last week included repeal of the individual mandate, which was created by the Affordable Care Act and requires individuals to obtain health insurance coverage or pay a penalty. The Congressional Budget Office has estimated that this ...

Black colleges can revive American cities

Historically black colleges and universities help boost incomes in their towns Looking to move to a new city to live in or to set up a business? Consider a town where there's a historically black college or university .  "I didn't realize that it wasn't normal for your barber to live next to ...

Is the U.S. serious about countering Russia's information war on democracies?

Long before the 2016 presidential elections in the United States, Russia was engaged in an effort to subvert European democracies through the tactical deployment of weaponized information.' A seminal 2014 report by Peter Pomerantsev and Michael Weiss accurately described how the Kremlin sought not ...

Experts examine the current state of U.S. military readiness

While the current U.S. defense budget remains unparalleled globally and relatively large in U.S. historical terms, whether the U.S. military is ready for the challenges that confront it has increasingly become a topic of debate. Some allege the military is nearly broken,' or hollow. Critics say the ...

Discipline disparities and discrimination in schools

In the United States, black and poor students are suspended at much higher rates than their white and non-poor peers. This point is essentially undisputed, due in large part to data that the U.S. Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights has compiled and made public through the Civil Rights ...

U.S. migration still at historically low levels, census shows

Now eight years since the end of the Great Recession, and with the economy coming back, the U.S. Census Bureau's new statistics about migration within the U.S. are surprising. The new data show a nation that continues to be heavily stuck in place. This illumination resonates from a census Current ...

Still uncertain, but still distracting: The US under Trump at the UN climate negotiations

A year ago, the hallways at the United Nations climate change negotiations in Marrakesh, Morocco, were hushed as thousands of delegates from around the world processed the news of Donald Trump's election. There was dismay, but also much uncertainty about the direction the new president would take ...

How school district boundaries can create more segregated schools

To a very large extent, school segregation is a mechanical result of residential segregation. America's public schools, by and large, look like America's neighborhoods. That's the broad conclusion of our new report "Balancing Act: Schools, Neighborhoods, and Racial Imbalance." Explore the ...

Future Development Reads: China's shifting manufacturing labor pool is creating global dreams—and nightmares

For some years, we've been reading that Chinese manufacturing jobs will soon be moving to Africa, just as United States manufacturing had left for China when it joined the World Trade Organization in 2001. According to the May-June 2017 issue of the Harvard Business Review, the exodus might be ...

Future Development Reads: The manufacturing dreams and nightmares of China

For some years, we've been reading that Chinese manufacturing jobs will soon be moving to Africa, just as United States manufacturing had left for China when it joined the World Trade Organization in 2001. According to the May-June 2017 issue of the Harvard Business Review, the exodus might be ...

Four ways to measure diversity among public school teachers

Minority teachers can impact minority students, but the public teacher workforce employs too few of them. As we've described in prior posts in this series on diversity in the teacher workforce, this is a problem in almost every region of the country and deserves our attention. In this installment, ...

Pharmaceutical industry profits and research and development

When the challenge of affording prescription drugs is raised, pharmaceutical manufacturers often argue that steps to reduce prices will lead to less innovation in the future. This response presumably applies to policies that use the market, such as shortening periods of exclusivity and making ...

College friends keep getting married? It's bad news for your travel budget… and inequality

An important milestone has just been passed: more women than men are now better educated than their spouse. A chart produced by Wendy Wang over at the Institute of Family Studies shows that in one in four marriages, wives boast higher educational credentials than their husbands: This is not ...

Why Trump should arm Ukraine

President Trump has often expressed his desire to build a better, more positive relationship with Russia. However, as Secretary of State Tillerson has said, improved bilateral relations will not be possible without ending Russia's aggression against Ukraine. Washington has energized its ...

Africa in the news: Zimbabwe's political crisis, new U.S.-Africa engagement, and African airlines' restructuring and expansion

Zimbabwean military takes control of state institutions Political tensions within Zimbabwe's ruling Zanu-PF party came to a head this week after months of factional infighting. In the early morning of Wednesday, the Zimbabwe Defence Forces took custody of President Robert Mugabe and his family. The ...

U.S. non-federal stakeholders starting to fill the leadership gap on the SDGs

While the U.S. played an active and major role in creating and adopting the internationally agreed Sustainable Development Goals , the America First foreign policy of the Trump administration has called into question the value of global governance and deepened skepticism of United Nations edicts. ...

Five takeaways on how technology has changed the American workforce

Software is eating the world, goes the famous quip. So rapid are the developments, in fact, that while the digitalization of everything' has become a hallmark of tech's promise of individual and business empowerment, so has it begun to prompt anxiety, including among workers who worry about their ...

Charts of the week: Contraception, federal investment in research & development, and global poverty

Click on the links or on the charts to go to the full research.   THE HIGH COST OF BIRTH CONTROL DISPROPORTIONATELY AFFECTS POOR AND MINORITY WOMEN Eleanor Krause, Isabel Sawhill, and Katherine Guyot, from the Center on Children and Families, find that in the United States almost half of all ...

The road ahead for fixing Africa's infrastructure deficit

Africa is characterized by an infrastructural deficit, a situation that remains critical. In fact, across the continent, 319 million people are living without access to improved reliable drinking water sources, 695 million people are living without basic sanitation access, only 34 percent have road ...

Figure of the week: Africa's progress on the SDGs and Agenda 2063

The ambitious Sustainable Development Goals and Africa's Agenda 2063 are now well underway. Notably, though, policymakers and other stakeholders often encounter challenges when trying to measure countries' progress towards these aims—particularly when it comes to data. The SDGs contain 232 ...

How the Land of 10,000 Lakes is planning and paying for cleaner water

This year's record hurricane season has been a wake-up call when it comes to water infrastructure. It has also been a reminder of how the public sector plays a crucial role in promoting more resilient investments, managing runoff concerns, and preventing floods. Many communities, though, still lack ...

American students need to be able to dream big

Don't dream too big.' This was a subtle and overt message sent to students of color in the America of our childhood. Decades later, has it really changed? Our shared experience as low-income students of color struggling for equality a mere 40 or 50 years ago is just as relevant today: A poor black ...

Educating Americans to defuse Islamaphobia

Americans are obsessed with Islam as an idea, as a mystery and as an existential threat to the West. As a result, our debates over Islam and Muslims aren't really about them' as much as they are about us'—and the supposed battle between the two. In his new book, What the Qur'an Meant: And Why ...

Hutchins Roundup: Forecast targeting, labor force participation of older Americans, and more

Studies in this week's Hutchins Roundup find that forecast targeting is the best policy rule for the Fed to follow, older Americans would work longer if job hours were more flexible, and more. Want to receive the Hutchins Roundup as an email? Sign up here to get it in your inbox every Thursday. ...

The costs of not being recognized as a country: The case of Kosovo

The recognition of a state's sovereignty, either by other countries or by the United Nations, can have sizeable economic impacts. Understanding the economic effects of this ostensibly non-economic issue is valuable not only for new or potential new states but also for countries whose sovereignty ...

The essential scan: Top findings in health policy research

What's the latest in health policy research? The Essential Scan, produced by the USC-Brookings Schaeffer Initiative for Health Policy, aims to help keep you informed on the latest research and what it means for policymakers. If you'd like to receive the biweekly Essential Scan by email, you can ...

Leveraging the disruptive power of artificial intelligence for fairer opportunities

According to President Obama's Council of Economic Advisers , approximately 3.1 million jobs will be rendered obsolete or permanently altered as a consequence of artificial intelligence technologies. Artificial intelligence will, for the foreseeable future, have a significant disruptive impact on ...

Hoping speed trumps bipartisanship, Republicans go it alone on tax reform

Whatever one thinks of the House and Senate tax reform plans, one thing is incontrovertible: these are not bipartisan bills, and the majority party has made no effort at any kind of bipartisan cooperation. This stands in stark contrast to the legislative process that propelled the successful passage ...

Dispatches from the Soviet Union: 5 tales from Marvin Kalb's memoir on his year as an American attaché in Moscow

As headlines herald the onset of a new Cold War' between the United States and Russia, distinguished journalist and Russia expert Marvin Kalb lightened the mood last Thursday at Brookings, delighting audience members with tales from his year as an American diplomatic attaché in Moscow. On November ...

U.S. response to Russian treaty violation plays into Moscow's hands

As reported in The Hill, House and Senate conferees agreed last week on language to authorize the Pentagon to spend $58 million in response to the Russian violation of the 1987 Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces Treaty, including through developing a U.S. intermediate-range missile. That would ...

The fallout from Trump's Asia tour on trade

President Trump has just completed a 12-day tour of Asia, including stops in Japan, China, Korea, and the Philippines, and in Vietnam to attend the APEC Leaders meeting. After pulling out of the Trans-Pacific Partnership during his first week in office and threatening to leave the North American ...

The new geopolitics of trade in Asia

The APEC Leaders' summit meeting, which took place last week in Danang, Vietnam, crystallized the new geopolitics of trade in Asia. The leaders of the three largest economies in the world—the United States, China, and Japan—each redefined the roles their nation will play in sustaining, ...

Strategies for teaching metacognition in classrooms

Metacognition is thinking about thinking. It is an increasingly useful mechanism to enhance student learning, both for immediate outcomes and for helping students to understand their own learning processes. So metacognition is a broad concept that refers to the knowledge and thought processes ...

Black incomes outpace the national average in 124 majority-black cities: So where's the investment?

When we think of wealth, prosperity and opportunity, black families don't come to mind. We've all consumed a historical narrative that black people, and by extension their communities, are deficits. The manifestation of deficit thinking can be found in notions that small black municipalities need to ...