Brookings (336)

The Gulf's airlines are winning on product but losing at politics

Three airlines from two countries the size of South Carolina are trying to take over commercial aviation,' intones a narrator in a recent educational video' produced by Delta Airlines. The 15-minute film was the latest salvo from U.S. airlines against Gulf carriers Emirates Airline, Etihad Airways, ...

Evidence-based keys to a stable, post-caliphate Iraq

Now that Mosul is back under coalition control, policymakers from D.C. to Baghdad must focus anew on building a lasting and durable peace in Iraq. Fortunately, in the decade since the issue of post-conflict stability last took center stage, researchers have learned a great deal about why and how ...

Why developing countries get stuck with weak institutions and how foreign actors can help

One of the most important questions facing political scientists and policymakers today is how developing countries acquire high-quality public sector institutions. Countries rarely succeed in the absence of state institutions that can establish and enforce rules, collect revenue, and provide public ...

U.S.-Russia relations six months into the Trump administration

Donald Trump's election raised expectations for change in the U.S.-Russia relationship. During the campaign, he had spoken highly of Vladimir Putin and said he would bring relations with Russia out of their post-Cold War nadir. Six months into the Trump administration, however, little has changed. ...

The Obamacare repeal and the illusion of public opinion

After seven years of promises that they would repeal and replace Obamacare,' a government totally controlled by Republicans is having a very hard time making it happen. A vote to debate the GOP alternative passed by just one vote in the Senate—and required Vice President Pence to play tiebreaker. ...

Inequality of opportunity in Egypt

It is rare to read an account of the Arab Spring uprisings without a reference to economic injustice. Indeed, it is natural to believe that economic and social injustice fuel, if not cause, all revolutions. For this plausible generalization, the Egyptian revolt of January 2011 is a puzzle. Research ...

Marking the 20th anniversary of the Asian financial crisis

        

Will Ukraine join NATO? A course for disappointment

Following the visit to Kyiv by NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg earlier this month, President Petro Poroshenko said Ukraine would seek to meet the alliance's membership criteria by 2020. On July 17, he stated that Ukraine would pursue a membership action plan. After more than three years of ...

Interview with Dhruva Jaishankar on the India-China stand-off

        

Missing female patients: An analysis of gender ratios from a tertiary care hospital in New Delhi, India

Introduction The issue of missing women, which is excess mortality of females as seen in low population ratio of women to men, in developing countries was first highlighted in a landmark mark paper by Sen in 1990 and again in 2003. Anderson and Ray estimate suggests that among the stock of women ...

Republicans' wrong approach to tackling Medicaid

The high decibel fight in the Senate over Medicaid is one more example—did we need more?—of why lasting changes in social programs require thoughtful legislative deliberation leading to bipartisan consensus. There should be hearings to gather input from all sides and serious debate in committees ...

Revised Senate health care bill doesn't fix concerns about state innovation waivers

On June 22, Senate Republicans released a first draft of their health reform bill, the Better Care Reconciliation Act of 2017 . The draft included substantial changes to state innovation waivers, which are included in section 1332 of the Affordable Care Act . As other authors and I noted at the ...

The essential scan: Top findings in health policy research

What's the latest in health policy research? The Essential Scan, produced by the Schaeffer Initiative for Innovation in Health Policy, aims to help keep you informed on the latest research and what it means for policymakers. If you'd like to receive the biweekly Essential Scan by email, you can ...

Between a rock and a hard place: Economic sanctions on Venezuela

On July 16, almost eight million Venezuelans cast a symbolic vote to express their opposition to President Nicolas Maduro's plans to rewrite the constitution, ignoring the will of the vast majority of Venezuelans. At the same time, President Trump and his administration expressed intentions to ...

How girls' education intersects with Maasai culture in Kenya

If you thought laws and policy would positively impact girls' education in heavily patriarchal Maasai culture in Kenya, then you need to think again. In countries like Kenya, culture and traditions heavily impact girls' ability to enroll and complete schooling and transition to college. To improve ...

Missing female patients: An analysis of gender ratios from 2 a tertiary care hospital in New Delhi, India

Introduction The issue of missing women, which is excess mortality of females as seen in low population ratio of women to men, in developing countries was first highlighted in a landmark mark paper by Sen in 1990 and again in 2003. Anderson and Ray estimate suggests that among the stock of women ...

Development Seminar @ Brookings India: America's Economic Anxiety

Our next Development Seminar is with Prof. Jonathan Morduch, Professor of Public Policy and Economics, NYU Wagner Graduate School of Public Service, on "America's Economic Anxiety". Discussant: Dr. Shamika Ravi Abstract: The traditional narrative about financial success in America is that hard ...

Transport pricing and accessibility

A common criticism of urban transport strategies is that they are unduly concerned with mobility or the ability to move rather than accessibility in which a desired journey purpose can be satisfied. It is often further argued that a consequence of this focus on mobility, particularly motorized ...

Despite federal infrastructure cuts, EPA's WIFIA water loan program holds promise

More than six months into the Trump presidency, uncertainty still surrounds any potential federal infrastructure plan. Instead, the only formal movement is from Congress, where the annual appropriations process includes proposed eliminations or significant cuts to major programs within the U.S. ...

What to expect when you're expecting a reconciliation bill

With Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell planning to try to begin debate on the Republican health care bill Tuesday, lots of eyes will be on the chamber—a place famous for its complicated rules and jargon. Want to understand what's happening? Here are four things you might see—and why they ...

How would the revised Senate health care bill affect individual market premiums in 2026 and over the long run?

On Thursday, the Congressional Budget Office published an analysis of an updated version of the Better Care Reconciliation Act , Senate Republicans' health care legislation, including how the BCRA would affect individual market premiums. In its report, CBO estimated that the average premium for the ...

Does the opening predict a wave?

Congressional candidates filed their six-month financial reports with the Federal Election Commission on July 15. But the one number that leapt off the page had little to do with finance. It immediately made me think about wave elections. The candidates were raising money, of course—especially the ...

Bank capital requirements contribute to growth and stability

Recent proposals from House Republicans and the Department of Treasury intend to scale back the bank capital requirements and regulatory burdens created under the Dodd-Frank Act. Those making the recommendations argue that capital requirements constrain credit to businesses and households, and that ...

The geography of desperation in America

America today is as divided as it has ever been, in terms of incomes and opportunities, politics, and, perhaps most importantly, hopes and dreams. Hope matters. As our earlier work shows, individuals who do not believe in their futures are much less likely to invest in them—as in education, ...

Tillerson's Listening Report' reinforces that State and USAID should be separate

As a prelude to the Trump administration's agency reorganization exercise, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson initiated a survey of the views and concerns of State and USAID employees. The resulting Listening Report' highlights that development and diplomacy are distinct disciplines and that the ...

Plan beats no plan: Responding to a pitch of 3% GDP growth

President Trump's promise that the U.S. economy could reach 3 percent GDP growth if we adopted his policies has prompted many economists to respond with a reality check that 3 percent GDP growth is no longer achievable This response may or may not be correct economically, but I think it's also worth ...

Future Development Reads: The brittle consensus on Africa's prospects

Seventeen years ago, The Economist called Africa the hopeless continent. A decade later it ate its words, and popularized a new slogan: Africa rising. In 2013, to erase any doubts about its opinion about Africa, the magazine headlined its special report, A hopeful continent.  Optimism has pervaded ...

To exit or not to exit: Greece's new dilemma

Athens desperately needs to sell a 3 billion euro, five-year Greek government bond with a yield of around 4.5-4.7 percent as it strives to convince the markets—as well as domestic voters—that the economy is about to recover after eight years of depression and austerity. So, it is willing to pay ...

Crisis in Caracas, unrest in Venezuela

Dany Bahar, a fellow in the Global Economy and Development program, explains the circumstances behind increasing social, political, and economic unrest in Venezuela and offers some recommendations on a response to the situation. http://directory.libsyn.com/episode/index/id/5561514 Also in this ...

On the presidential pardon

John Hudak, a senior fellow in Governance Studies, discusses the political legitimacy and risks associated with the possibility of President Trump pardoning his relatives and aides in the midst of the special counsel's investigation. http://directory.libsyn.com/episode/index/id/5561893 Show notes: ...

Africa in the News: Electoral tensions arise in Mali and Congo, Ivorian president reshuffles cabinet, and Somalia's internet returns

Tensions over elections fester in the Republic of the Congo, while Mali weighs expanding presidential power and creating an autonomous Tuareg region Two million citizens in the Republic of the Congo will head to the polls for the first round of parliamentary elections this coming Sunday. Though no ...

Teachers' salaries: Too many bucks for the bang?

Despite an influential view that countries should increase teachers' wages sufficiently to be able to attract top college graduates to the profession, the available evidence from the U.S. suggests that that's the wrong advice. Key research studies show that this is wrong for low-income countries as ...

Assessing trans-Atlantic data protections one year after Privacy Shield

As the world becomes more digitally interconnected, protecting personal data as it travels across borders becomes increasingly important. On July 19, the Center for Technology Innovation at the Brookings Institution hosted Jan Philipp Albrecht, a member of the European Parliament and rapporteur for ...

Brookings India Health Monitor

The Brookings India Health Monitor brings together real time data, research and powerful analytics of India's healthcare sector on a common platform. This is created using publicly available data from across all states and Union Territories of India. It enables researchers and policy makers to ...

Problems with the 'committee tax' in Congress

Chairmen of the U.S. House's most-coveted committees—the so-called "A" committees that include Appropriations, Energy and Commerce, Financial Services, Rules, and Ways and Means—are each expected to raise at least $1.2 million for the National Republican Congressional Committee to satisfy ...

How BCRA 2.0 would impact enrollee costs, according to your age and income

On July 12, we examined how the Better Care Reconciliation Act of 2017 discussion draft would affect people's total spending on covered health care services, with the goal of providing a full picture of health care costs for consumers purchasing coverage in the individual market under the BCRA as ...

Charts of the week: Non-working men, for-profit education, generic drugs

Click on the links or on the charts to go to the full research.   23% of non-working prime-age men live in cities While much of the rhetoric in recent elections have focused on rural job loss and unemployment, a report from Alan Berube in the Metropolitan Policy Program shows that cities contain ...

On the inaugural U.S.-China Comprehensive Economic Dialogue

David Dollar, a senior fellow in the John L. Thornton China Center, explains the differences between the modern U.S. and Chinese economies and outlines why the Trump administration should exercise caution when blaming trade imbalance on China. http://directory.libsyn.com/episode/index/id/5559445 ...

The Paris model for city problem-solving

The aftermath to the Trump administration's recent withdrawal from the Paris agreement revealed some tantalizing possibilities of the new domestic and global order.  President Trump's decision to withdraw from Paris was met with newfound confidence from cities, university presidents, business ...

NATO at a crossroads: Next steps for the trans-Atlantic alliance

Russia's conflict with Ukraine stems in part from the Kremlin's concern that Kyiv is drawing too close to institutions such as the European Union and NATO. Throughout his campaign, President Donald Trump called into question the usefulness of today's NATO and spoke of building a better relationship ...

Figures of the week: Tourism and structural transformation in Africa

The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development earlier this month released its Economic Development in Africa Report 2017: Tourism for Transformative and Inclusive Growth. The report analyzes Africa's tourism sector at the continental, regional, and national levels, and finds that tourism ...

Requirement to maintain a single risk pool' would not contain effects of Cruz's proposal

Last Thursday, Senate Republicans unveiled an updated version of the Better Care Reconciliation Act , including a proposal from Senator Ted Cruz that would relax a range of regulations on individual market insurance plans introduced in the Affordable Care Act . While Cruz's proposal was not included ...

Building better preschools—but for which kids?

Few policy ideas rival the popularity of spreading preschool about the land. George H. W. Bush created a national child care program in 1990, granting federal support to working-class families not served by Head Start. New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio hopes to extend free pre-K to all 3- and ...

To keep the FBI headquarters project on track, make an exception to the scoring rules

Last week, the General Services Administration made front-page news when it cancelled its four-and-a-half year plan to exchange the crumbling J. Edgar Hoover Building for a new FBI headquarters in suburban Washington, DC. While regrettable, this decision need not take the process of getting a new ...

Modernizing government's approach to transportation and land use data: Challenges and opportunities

In the fields of transportation and land use planning, the public sector has long taken the leading role in the collection, analysis, and dissemination of data. Often, public data sets drawn from traveler diaries, surveys, and supply-side transportation maps were the only way to understand how ...

Hutchins Roundup: College tuition hikes, firm competition, and more

Studies in this week's Hutchins Roundup find that college tuition hikes do not affect higher educational attainment but decrease homeownership, diminished competition among U.S. firms partly explains soft business investment, and more. Want to receive the Hutchins Roundup as an email? Sign up ...

Physician payment reform — progress to date

        

It's time for our justice system to embrace artificial intelligence

Liberal democracies long have struggled to minimize or eliminate elements of bias in their systems of criminal justice. Maybe justice is just too difficult for humans to administer alone. Thankfully, new advances in artificial intelligence could help to balance the scales. In some jurisdictions, ...

Some schools much better than others at closing achievement gaps between their advantaged and disadvantaged students

Executive summary Recent research demonstrates that the test score gap between relatively advantaged and relatively disadvantaged students is much higher in some school districts than it is in other districts. But measured school quality often varies dramatically within a school district, and ...

Six steps to start changing how Africa does development

The current pace of globalization gives no choice to small developing countries: they must integrate into world markets if they wish to succeed. Africa has more than its fair share of small poor economies because of fragmentation that it inherited from European colonizers, making Africa the ...